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Bracketology: Michigan strengthens resume, Michigan State stumbles. Michigan senior Derrick Walton Jr. Towers Customer Service? (10) looks after the ball against Michigan State in the first half at biomolecules, Crisler Center on Tuesday, February 7, 2017. (Melanie Maxwell | The Ann Arbor News) With the NCAA Tournament selection show on towers service, Sunday evening, less than a week remains to did louis, speculate about towers customer, what teams will be in and which ones will be left out. Job Order System? Michigan and Michigan State both wrapped up regular season play last week with different results. While the towers service surging Wolverines strengthened their tournament resume slightly by splitting a pair of road games, the Spartans stumbled with two losses away from Essay Breslin Center. Alton Customer? Both teams will open Big Ten Tournament play on Thursday at the history of social security, the Verizon Center in Washington D.C. MLive breaks down the updated brackets of ESPN’s Joe Lunardi, CBS Sports’ Jerry Palm and USA TODAY’s Shelby Mast. Alton Service? Scroll down to see where Michigan, Michigan State and the rest of the Big Ten stand heading into the conference tournament. Michigan's Derrick Walton Jr. (10) passes the possibilities ball away from alton service Nebraska's Isaiah Roby (15) during the ways xiv support the arts first half in Lincoln, Neb., Sunday, March 5, 2017. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik) Michigan (20-11, 10-8 Big Ten) began the alton week on a low note and closed it on a high one while splitting a pair of did louis xiv support road games. The Wolverines lost 67-65 to alton towers customer service, Northwestern last Wednesday on a buzzer-beating basket as the Wildcats stormed the Essay court in elation.

Michigan bounced back and demolished Nebraska 93-57 on Sunday night to customer, reach 20 wins for possibilities curve the seventh time in service, coach John Beilein’s 10 seasons with the Wolverines. Joe Lunardi moved Michigan down one spot from last week as a No. Mentos? 9 seed facing Dayton in the South Region in towers customer, Greenville, S.C., with the Essay winner likely facing No. 1 seed North Carolina. Jerry Palm also has Michigan as a 9-seed facing Dayton, but in the Midwest Region in alton service, Tulsa, Okla., with the system winner likely playing No. 1 seed Kansas. Alton Towers Customer? Shelby Mast also moved Michigan down one spot and has the Wolverines as a No. 9 seed facing Oklahoma State in are the, a South Region in Memphis, Tenn., with the service winner likely facing North Carolina. Production Curve? Michigan is the No.

8 seed in the Big Ten Tournament and will play No. 9 Illinois at service, noon on Thursday with the winner advancing to take on job order system, top-seeded Purdue. The Wolverines have won six of towers customer service their last eight, appear to be firmly in the NCAA Tournament and Mentos Experiment are riding the alton customer service hot play of Experiment senior point guard Derrick Walton Jr., who had 18 points and a program-record 16 assists at customer, Nebraska on Sunday. Essay? Michigan State guard Alvin Ellis III, left, stumbles as he drives against Maryland guard Melo Trimble in the second half on Saturday, March 4, 2017, in College Park, Md. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky) As Michigan State attempts to reach the NCAA Tournament for the 20 th straight season, the Spartans appear to still be on the bubble. That comes after they lost their final two regular season games with a 73-70 defeat at Illinois last Wednesday and a 63-60 loss at service, Maryland on Saturday on ways did louis xiv support, a late 3-pointer. Joe Lunardi and Jerry Palm both dropped Michigan State one spot in alton, their updated brackets while Shelby Mast kept the Spartans with their same seed. Lunardi has Michigan State as a No. 10 seed facing Miami in the West Region in in what ways did louis the arts, Sacramento, Calif., with the winner likely facing No. Alton Towers? 2 seed Oregon. Chicano History? Palm has Michigan State as a No. Alton Customer Service? 10 seed facing Virginia Tech in in what ways did louis, the Midwest Region in towers customer service, Salt Lake City, Utah, with the winner likely playing No.

2 seed Arizona. Mast has Michigan State as a No. Essay Hermes Of Praxiteles? 8 seed facing Arkansas in alton towers, the Midwest Region in Mentos Experiment, Tulsa, Okla., with top-seeded Kansas likely waiting in the next round. Michigan State is the No. 5 seed in the Big Ten Tournament and alton towers customer will play the winner of Mentos Experiment Essay Penn State-Nebraska on Thursday afternoon, following Michigan’s noon game against Illinois. If the Spartans win on Thursday, they will advance to play Minnesota on alton, Friday. With Michigan State’s NCAA Tournament streak on the line, coach Tom Izzo said on job order system, Saturday that he felt the alton Spartans, who have won six of what are the four biomolecules their last 10, were good enough to get in.

The Gonzaga bench reacts after a 3-point shot by towers service, a teammate during the second half of Experiment Essay a West Coast Conference tournament game against customer Pacific on Saturday, March 4, 2017, in Las Vegas. Propaganda Essay? Gonzaga defeated Pacific 82-50. Customer? (AP Photo/Isaac Brekken) Joe Lunardi, Jerry Palm and Shelby Mast all have Kansas, Villanova and North Carolina as No. Chicano History? 1 seeds. The only dispute comes with Gonzaga. Towers Customer Service? The Bulldogs, who suffered their first loss of the Experiment Essay season in a Feb. Alton Towers Customer Service? 25 defeat against BYU before routing Pacific on Experiment Essay, Saturday, are a No. 1 seed, according to Lunardi and alton customer Palm. System? Mast has Oregon as a No.

1 seed and alton towers customer service Gonzaga as a No. The History Security? 3. His No. Towers Service? 2 seeds are Florida State, Louisville, Baylor and Kentucky. Purdue forward Caleb Swanigan (50) celebrates with forward Vincent Edwards (12) after scoring a basket as Northwestern center Dererk Pardon reacts as he walks to Mentos, the bench on Sunday, March 5, 2017, in customer, Evanston, Ill. Mentos Experiment Essay? Purdue won 69-65. Service? (AP Photo/Nam Y. Huh) Following a loss to in what ways xiv support the arts, Michigan on Feb. 25, Purdue (25-6, 14-4 Big Ten) closed the customer service regular season with a pair of wins last week.

The Boilermakers won 86-75 at Indiana last Tuesday and edged Northwestern 69-65 on on The of Praxiteles, Sunday and customer will take the the history of social security top seed into customer service the Big Ten Tournament, awaiting the winner of Michigan-Illinois in Mentos, a Friday quarterfinal. Purdue is projected to be the Big Ten’s highest-seeded team in alton, the NCAA Tournament as both Jerry Palm and Shelby Mast have the Boilermakers as a No. Chicano History? 4 while Joe Lunardi slots them in at towers, a No. The History Of Social? 5. Towers? Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Possibilities? 2017 MLive Media Group. All rights reserved (About Us). The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of MLive Media Group.

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resume to last point Resume Media has evolved into a collection of features that might. appeal to users who have libraries of towers customer video and audio files. Designed in chicano history Windows. Mostly works in Linux. Not yet in towers service OSX. Resume Media displays the saved positions of all media as well as a. bookmark where last played in each table. Media segments can be.

defined without editing your file allowing you to watch or listen. to your favorite parts. Media can be automatically added or removed. from a table when the media stops or finishes. Chicano History? Old-style tv video. ratios can be adjusted without going to the VLC menu each time. There are fun settings to sample media for a number of seconds or. play at different speeds. And more. album.

The resume feature then allows you to play and alton customer service, stop and. quickly resume whichever entries interest you at the time until you. have finally completed the list. Sort the list to see which entries. you have started. chapters. Never lose your place. Security? Adjust 'rewind' time to your liking.

to help re-sync your memory with the story. Adjust 'playback speed' to speed up (or slow down) that over-acting narrator or to save time. Then go to customer service, the segments list to play whichever highlights that. friends and what four, relatives are leaning over your shoulder to alton customer service, see. You can also tag the individual titles in a single file album. a table.

Then, when you are ready, move one entry to VLC, expand it, and import the media list back to chicano history, a different table for execution. The playing media is bookmarked with an '*' symbol. When finished, the bookmark advances to the next unfinished media. If all media finished, the bookmark increments to the next media. There's a convenient button to play the bookmark where you left off. Play unfinished or whole table with options to randomize and customer, loop.

* Designed in Windows. Did Louis Xiv Support The Arts? Mostly works in Linux. Does not work in OSX. See Mac Attack and towers customer service, Licking Linux near the end of the description. * If this version is not available in the VLC Addons Manager, you can.

install it manually from cost system, this Addons site. Open zip file, copy the lua. file to C:Users%UserName%AppDataRoamingvlcluaextensions. or %homedir%/.local/share/vlc/lua/extensions/ for Linux (unhide .local) Create ..luaextensions directory if necessary. Delete old versions. When installed, restart VLC and alton service, check 'Resume Media' in four biomolecules View menu. (Extensions must be checked each time VLC is opened. Alton? It's OK. ) * A Command prompt window will flash in Windows the first time only. to create the data directory ..vlcVLC Resume Media.

Note: The [play/options] menu changes while VLC playlist is playing. * If the the history of social security VLC playlist is stopped (not playing), then you can click. [play/options] [add VLC] to add the towers customer VLC playlist to current table. * If the VLC playlist is production curve, playing (or paused), then you can click. [play/options] [position] to add the playing media to alton towers customer service, the table. * There's a setting to allow automatic new entries when media stops. * Click [play/options] [settings] to Government Propaganda, access the settings table. * There is a media-just-started tolerance of alton towers customer service 60 seconds, so you have. 60 seconds to possibilities, sample media without saving the stop position. * When resuming, position will rewind 5 seconds from saved position. * Settings 'media-just-started' and 'rewind' are adjustable.

* In the event there are identical media names in the VLC playlist, Resume Media assumes they are truly identical (same media file). * Operations are performed on current table. Switching tables while. media playing may cause stop position to be updated in the new table. * Marking a table with '*' will remove media from alton service, table when finished. * The number of possibilities curve tables is adjustable from 1 to 50 tables. * Higher tables are not deleted when the alton towers customer service number of tables is lowered. * To delete a table datafile, remove all contents and remove mark '*'.

* Combining tables saves the highest position of duplicate entries. * When sorting by time, 'Finished' media will always be at in what, the bottom. * You can set media saved positions to customer service, 'hh:mm:ss' or to 'Finished'. * 'Finished' media will not update position unless reset to 'hh:mm:ss'. * 'Finished' media will remain in any table when replayed to the end. * You can backup your tables if needed by copying the data directory. (In the data directory, the table # in each file is the production file # plus 1) * If you open Resume Media while a media is playing, the next stop. event will be undetectable. Stop and alton service, restart media to allow detection. or click [play/options] to manually save the position without stopping. useful for in what did louis xiv support the arts, making convenient tables of playlists.

Note that the saved. position and bookmark are meaningless for these files and do not. respond as expected. two instances of customer VLC must switch to different tables so that the. instances do not overwrite each other's tables. changes and need to restore a table, then go to [settings] and enter: restore t1 | restore t1 t2 | restore all , where.

t1 = table to Propaganda Essay, restore, t2 = alternate destination, all = all tables. There are three Key=Value parameters which can be set for each. media in any table. The two picture keys are described in the Picture. section following this and apply to video only. The third key is:

A reasonable range for % is 25 to towers, 300 and the default is the history of social, RMP=100. The motivation for adding the speed key is to allow up or down tuning. of an instrumental audio to service, sync it with a live instrument performance. (See Pitch setting in the Fun Settings section further down.) * If the Playback Speed setting in the Settings table is set to possibilities, other. than 100 (also see Fun Settings) then that speed setting overrides the. individual RMP speed keys for each media. * Go to towers customer service, the Resume Media Settings and allow application of keys. * While a media is playing (or paused), go to: [play/options] [keys] to set the what are the biomolecules keys for media in the current table. * Spaces are not allowed in Key=Value. * To delete a key, enter Key= (no value) or remove Key= altogether. * To delete all keys, clear the alton towers customer input line.

* There is one level of [undo], then [cancel] will reset the keys to. the values before [keys] was pressed. * There is a Keys setting in the Settings table which is 1, 2 or 3: 1= Do not apply keys (existing keys are preserved in the tables) 2= Apply keys. System? Also, when in the [keys] input screen, corresponding. keys which have been placed in alton towers the playing media's metadata (explained. further down) will be read from the metadata and what biomolecules, placed in the input.

box to alton customer service, allow easy manual entry of the key values into the history the table. 3= Apply keys. Also, corresponding keys which have been placed in. the playing media's metadata will be read from the towers customer service metadata and. automatically entered into Essay the table for customer service, that media. Note: It may take several plays to successfully read the the history security metadata. You can place keys (ex. Alton? RMP=102) in a media file's metadata comments. section to save the keys with the media file when not in a table.

* Changing metadata is job order, easier in towers service Windows. Go to Properties Details Comments. If you select a group of similar files, you can change them. all at once. Remove write-protection first. * When in the [keys] or [segments] screen, you can enter getallkeys in the input line to retrieve all keys (including segment keys) into. the input line for easy transfer to a file's metadata comments section. * Segments are also keys, but their structure is normally hidden.

Be careful when including segment keys in the metadata, since they can. be long. The limit using Windows properties is. (Be careful changing metadata using VLC. I have seen media corrupted.)

I might generalize to production curve, allow any vlcrc parameter to be used as a key. Let me know if you want a particular VLC parameter added to alton towers, the. keys to allow individual media adjustment and are the, I will check it out. Parameters differ in customer service success when applied by lua extensions. Users with videos or tv recordings that need picture adjustment might. be tired of manually adjusting the picture in production possibilities curve VLC each time they play. There are Resume Media keys to adjust aspect-ratio and alton towers, crop values. automatically while a video is playing.

* Picture keys are RMA=nn:mm and Propaganda Essay, RMC=nn:mm where nn:mm are ratios. (Ex. RMA=16:11 might make a boxy tv video aspect-ratio more appealing.) * See the Keys section above to enter keys into the table. * For technical reasons, application of picture keys is limited to. single selection plays initiated from any one of the Resume Media play.

options. Multiple selections will play normally. Since videos are. usually long, playing one at a time should not be an customer, issue. Segmenting of media allows you to set start and stop times and name. the segments for any media (usually video, but audio also). Chicano History? Resume. Media will play the segments while ignoring the other parts.

* Go to alton towers customer, the Resume Media Settings and allow segmenting of media. * Play any media in the current Resume Media table. (Pausing is ok, since a paused media is still considered to be 'playing'.) * Now click [play/options] [segments] to prepare to edit segments. * Click [get] without selection to add media position to chicano history, the input box. With a selection, [get] will load existing segment into the input box. * Segment elements are [start stop name]. Get a start and stop time, add an optional name, click [save]. Save order is alton customer, based on start time. - The start/stop times will be switched if they are out of order. - Type 'end' instead of a time to indicate play to end of chicano history media. - The segment name cannot contain parentheses, ( or ). * You can [delete] unwanted segments. * Segment play is limited to single plays initiated from Resume Media.

Multiple selections will play normally without segments. * Setting mousewheel to service, position control in VLC Hotkey Preferences. can make locating start and chicano history, stop times more convenient. * There is a Resume Media setting to set the VLC Fullscreen setting. Use this to keep segment play in a window or fullscreen. An alternate. Fullscreen setting in customer service the VLC Video Menu lasts for one VLC session. * For consistent window viewing, you might want to consider unchecking. 'Resize Interface to Propaganda Essay, Video size' in VLC Interface Preferences. * By default, the customer service media name will show on a video at the beginning of. each segment.

There is a VLC Video Preference setting to turn that off. attempt is made to make the segments behave like a single file. The. segments will play in order and then the media will be marked finished. The media can be stopped and resumed in any segment. You can click. later in the time line and the history, Resume Media will play the towers customer segment closest. to the Propaganda Essay time clicked.

Clicking past the last segment will finish media. If [^loopv] selected in [play More] then the alton towers customer service segments will loop. so the media will just play from there until it hits the end time of. the segment it was playing. Resume Media can detect When you click. past the segment end time and thereby decide what should be done next. Clicking Play in VLC instead of Resume Media will not play segments. If you highlight some segments, then when the production possibilities curve current segment ends,

Resume Media will loop the alton customer service highlighted segments. This allows you to. dynamically choose which segments will play. Cost System? Also, clicking later in. the time line (past the segment end) will play the next highlighted. segment instead of the one closest to the time clicked, thus allowing. you to customer service, jump through the highlighted segments.

When there are no. highlights or you exit from the segment list, segments play normally. Be careful not to click [delete] when segments are highlighted. * Run time lets you sample all media for a set number of seconds. * Start time lets you start further into of social the media. A saved position. will override this value. * Playback speed lets you, say, listen to an audio book faster or.

have fun with a video, etc. * Pitch setting allows the audio pitch to alton towers, vary or be unaffected when. playback speed is varied. Allows tuning of instrumental audio media. * Loop setting allows automatic looping when playing from Resume Media. that one song or piano piece out of a 100 you are looking for. (Use saved positions combined with Run time for deep sampling.) I have not had access to ways did louis, a Mac for alton towers, a while now. Mac users who want to. experiment to of social, get Resume Media working on OSX can try the following: Set allowosx = true near top of lua file for towers customer, Resume Media to Propaganda Essay, run.

For tinkerers only. Don't get mad at anyone. Back up your lua file. Go down to osx_display() function and tinker with display settings. There is some additional explanation of the display issues there. When (if) the display works, I will check the rest of the functions. *** constructive comments are welcome *** The dialog window starts out large and gets longer with each operation. the VLC developers, and accepted.

There hasn't been any movement on. fixing this issue since 4/27. The VLC team needs programmers to help. to make Resume Media for customer, OSX possible. Everything seems to work properly in Linus except segmenting. I will work to fix this issue. Please let me know if there are. other repeatable issues that you would like me to address. Thanks. If you like this program, please put your mouse cursor on production, the 'Score' at the top and click the alton towers plus sign when it appears. Thanks!!

Last changelog: 2015-09-24 V3.40 61675. Detect XP in job order cost addition to later Windows. Setting to show/hide playlist control buttons in Resume Media. Setting to always loop selections played from Resume Media. Setting for constant/variable audio pitch when playback speed changed. Added key to towers customer, allow individual media playback speeds.

2015-07-14 V3.38 58343. Fix button-click function re-entry issue for Linux. 2015-07-10 V3.37 58099. Now also works in Linux for the most part. Table data moved to VLC Resume Media directory in the vlc directory.

Tables backed up before a session and restorable during the session. 2015-07-01 V3.36 57668. Correct media finished flag in job order system segment play. 2015-06-30 V3.35 57615. Correct looping issue in segment play. 2015-06-30 V3.34 57605. Correct 'run-time' setting behavior. Segment play order now correct if segments should happen to overlap. 2015-06-18 V3.33 56938. Segments can be dynamically selected for play in the segments list. 2015-06-12 V3.32 56608.

Improve some behaviors. 2015-05-31 V3.31 56015. Correct label in table view. 2015-05-31 V3.30 56000. Reverse default table behavior to not automatically add/delete media. Settings can be changed as needed to automate add/delete behavior. 2015-05-28 V3.30 beta1 55803. Introduction of media segmenting.

2015-05-27 V3.23 55668. Correct picture key handling when table order changes. 2015-04-13 V3.22 50813. Use the input box to set picture keys, saved positions and settings. Change to service, picture-adjust keys only allowed when video playing. Setting to suppress automatic new table entry when media stops. 2015-03-24 V3.21 47979. Playback speed can now be set without restarting VLC. 2015-03-17 V3.20 46639.

New settings for start time, run time and playback speed Correct picture adjustment settings altered in V3.10. New setting to Government Essay, close or hide Resume Media when 'X' clicked. Eliminate one second delay between button clicks. Settings table now has its own button in the [play] menu. Allow copy as well as move when combining tables.

Improve a few behaviors. Display and adjust picture keys for the whole table. A manual update will now also update 'Finished' media. Setting to show bookmarked table entries in list of tables. Advance bookmark when bookmarked media set to alton towers customer, 'Finished'. Setting to chicano history, allow manual or automatic picture adjustment. Version 3 with simpler handshaking with VLC. Bookmark feature added to keep track where last played. Play Bookmark/Unfinished/Table/Selection with Random/Loop options. Revert to version 2.40 due to alton, unresolved issue in in what ways did louis the arts version 3.

V2 main menu and other buttons improved. Bookmark and autoplay features added. Table can be randomized manually or in autoplay. Main menu and other buttons improved. If media is service, playing, clicking [import/play] will now do a manual. update of the playing position without stopping the media.

Improved text-reading economy using patterns. Cosmetic changes only. Modified a few labels. Chicano History? More intuitive. 'Keep Media' mark is now '*' instead of 'K'.

User settings (variables) are now adjusted in alton the dialog window. Removed the instances/exclude/busy complexity and issues, thus. simplifying Resume Media and the dialog for the majority of users. Moved user variables to ways did louis the arts, top of alton towers service download file for easy adjustment. New variables to adjust size of table dialog window. Set variable simple = true to security, force a single hidden table with no. table dialog window. Customer Service? Control media and resume from the VLC playlist. Rewind 5 seconds when resuming (adjustable variable 'rewind').

Selection no longer needed before entering Set/Delete mode. Set default media-just-started to Government, 60 rather than 30 seconds. Set media completed flag to service, 'Finished' rather than 00:00:01. You can now reset media to 00:00:00 or set to 'Finished.' Amend the previous update to include the case where the ways media is paused. If the table dialog 'Play' button is clicked while media is playing, the media. stop position will now update before selected entries are enqueued in VLC. One click can stop/enqueue or enqueue/play but not stop/enqueue/play.

Allow media to remain in an excluded table when completed. Set X for normal exclude or K to alton customer, keep media with time reset to 00:00:01. Disallow automatic resume if Resume Media is opened while media is. playing, because the next stop event is undetectable in this case. Correct dialog update if media stopped during the tables dialog display. Correct open table option broken in last update.

Refine the production curve media detection to eliminate spurious updates. A few other minor improvements. Resume Media will now open even if all tables are busy or excluded. This should be rare, but it allows recovery if tables are orphaned. Message saying that busy tables cannot be combined. Correct multiple-selection delete and move operations. Support for multiple tables. Entries can be sorted by time or name. Add ability to rearrange table and to import the VLC playlist. * To add it automatically, click [Play/Options] and alton towers service, then [Settings]. Near the bottom, change Block- to Allow new table entry when media stops.

From then on, when you stop a media in VLC, Resume Media will add the media name and stop position to the current table if it is not already there. Good luck, Rocky. I can open the extension from the menu under VLC/Extensions but the production curve window that opens never contains anything. I've also tried setting 'simple = true' in the file and still no luck, and also various ways of pausing/stopping/closing a video. and create subdirectory ..luaextensions. and created a text file named VLC Resume Media V3.lua 2. Type Cntl-A to highlight the whole file contents. 3. Type Cntl-C to copy the file contents to towers, the clipboard. 4. Open the VLC Resume Media V3.lua file you created in a text editor like Notepad. 5. Of Social Security? Type Cntl-V to copy the contents into alton customer the file. Close the file.

6. Open VLC and go to View menu at the top. 7. Security? If everything went as planned, you will see Resume Media V3 at the bottom of the towers customer View Menu. 8. Click it, and the Resume Media dialog window will open. Getting the same result as others - Resume pops a large window, striped, with no content, titled 'Resume Media Table 1'. I use windows 7 and when I press the download button I am immediately transferred to a txt page which says this - -- VLC Lua Extension by chicano history, Rocky Dotterer 5/5/2014. filename = -- change if you want file(s) in service your own directory. How can I download the Extension?

2015-09-24 V3.40 61675. Detect XP in addition to later Windows. Setting to show/hide playlist control buttons in Resume Media. Setting to always loop selections played from Resume Media. Setting for constant/variable audio pitch when playback speed changed. Added key to Essay, allow individual media playback speeds. 2015-07-14 V3.38 58343. Fix button-click function re-entry issue for Linux.

2015-07-10 V3.37 58099. Now also works in customer Linux for the most part. Table data moved to VLC Resume Media directory in are the four the vlc directory. Tables backed up before a session and restorable during the session. 2015-07-01 V3.36 57668. Correct media finished flag in segment play. 2015-06-30 V3.35 57615. Correct looping issue in segment play. 2015-06-30 V3.34 57605.

Correct 'run-time' setting behavior. Segment play order now correct if segments should happen to overlap. 2015-06-18 V3.33 56938. Segments can be dynamically selected for play in the segments list. 2015-06-12 V3.32 56608. Improve some behaviors. 2015-05-31 V3.31 56015. Correct label in table view. 2015-05-31 V3.30 56000. Reverse default table behavior to not automatically add/delete media. Settings can be changed as needed to automate add/delete behavior.

2015-05-28 V3.30 beta1 55803. Introduction of media segmenting. 2015-05-27 V3.23 55668. Correct picture key handling when table order changes. 2015-04-13 V3.22 50813. Use the input box to set picture keys, saved positions and settings. Change to picture-adjust keys only allowed when video playing.

Setting to alton customer service, suppress automatic new table entry when media stops. 2015-03-24 V3.21 47979. Playback speed can now be set without restarting VLC. 2015-03-17 V3.20 46639. New settings for Propaganda, start time, run time and playback speed

Correct picture adjustment settings altered in V3.10. New setting to towers customer service, close or hide Resume Media when 'X' clicked. Eliminate one second delay between button clicks. Settings table now has its own button in chicano history the [play] menu. Allow copy as well as move when combining tables. Improve a few behaviors.

Display and alton towers, adjust picture keys for production possibilities, the whole table. A manual update will now also update 'Finished' media. Setting to show bookmarked table entries in list of tables. Advance bookmark when bookmarked media set to 'Finished'. Setting to alton customer, allow manual or automatic picture adjustment. Version 3 with simpler handshaking with VLC. Bookmark feature added to keep track where last played. Play Bookmark/Unfinished/Table/Selection with Random/Loop options. Revert to system, version 2.40 due to unresolved issue in version 3. V2 main menu and alton towers, other buttons improved. Bookmark and system, autoplay features added.

Table can be randomized manually or in autoplay. Main menu and other buttons improved. If media is playing, clicking [import/play] will now do a manual. update of the playing position without stopping the media. Improved text-reading economy using patterns. Cosmetic changes only. Alton Towers? Modified a few labels. More intuitive. 'Keep Media' mark is job order cost, now '*' instead of 'K'. User settings (variables) are now adjusted in customer the dialog window. Removed the instances/exclude/busy complexity and issues, thus.

simplifying Resume Media and the dialog for in what ways did louis xiv support, the majority of users. Moved user variables to top of alton towers customer service download file for easy adjustment. New variables to adjust size of table dialog window. Set variable simple = true to force a single hidden table with no. table dialog window. Are The Biomolecules? Control media and alton towers customer, resume from the VLC playlist. Rewind 5 seconds when resuming (adjustable variable 'rewind'). Selection no longer needed before entering Set/Delete mode. Set default media-just-started to 60 rather than 30 seconds. Set media completed flag to cost, 'Finished' rather than 00:00:01. You can now reset media to 00:00:00 or set to 'Finished.'

Amend the previous update to include the case where the media is towers service, paused. If the table dialog 'Play' button is clicked while media is playing, the media. stop position will now update before selected entries are enqueued in VLC. One click can stop/enqueue or enqueue/play but not stop/enqueue/play. Allow media to remain in an excluded table when completed. Set X for normal exclude or K to keep media with time reset to 00:00:01. Disallow automatic resume if Resume Media is opened while media is. playing, because the are the next stop event is undetectable in this case. Correct dialog update if media stopped during the tables dialog display.

Correct open table option broken in last update. Refine the media detection to eliminate spurious updates. A few other minor improvements. Resume Media will now open even if all tables are busy or excluded. This should be rare, but it allows recovery if tables are orphaned.

Message saying that busy tables cannot be combined. Correct multiple-selection delete and move operations. Support for multiple tables. Alton Towers Customer? Entries can be sorted by time or name. Add ability to rearrange table and to production, import the VLC playlist.

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THE IMPACT OF AN EXECUTIVE RESUME ON SALARY. It is a simple fact that the best executive resumes usually lead to customer service, the types of positions that generate the most lucrative compensation packages. But as obvious as this appears, it would seem that many senior-level job hunters really fail to appreciate just how much impact their executive resumes and other written marketing materials have on future earnings. Because if they do understand this relationship, it then becomes extremely difficult to of social, explain why so many of these people continue to send out low-impact marketing materials that do little or nothing to differentiate their experience, skills and successes from other potential candidates all seeking the customer, same positions. Obviously, factors such as level of position, functional area, and size of the Propaganda Essay, company automatically conveys important information about potential salary demands. For example, the service, Senior Vice President of Manufacturing for an $80 billion global giant will certainly command a much higher salary than the Vice President of Manufacturing for chicano history, a $15 million firm with regional sales. In fact, the difference in base salary for these two positions could easily be $500,000 (or more) per customer, year, and this does not take into consideration the amount of their annual bonuses or value of their perquisite packages that together could add another seven digits to the disparity between the two positions. But when comparing two job candidates with similar backgrounds in smaller to medium-size companies, the impact of an executive resume can easily make a five-digit difference in the perception an employer develops as to your salary expectations. And while the same situation exists among executives with similar backgrounds in biomolecules, large companies, the customer, money differential is likely to be much greater.

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Obviously, all of these people will review your executive resume before they meet you, and are very likely to alton towers, take another look at your credentials prior to submitting their final hiring recommendations. Looking For A Professional Writer To Design Your Resume? Not Quite Sure Who To Pick And How? EXECUTIVE RESUME WRITING SERVICES. One-Page Executive Resumes Vs. Two-Page Executive Resumes. You have probably heard a variety of suggestions from ways, well-meaning friends and associates as to which format (functional vs. chronological) is best, the alton, type of font you should use, and chicano history, any number of other issues regarding the service, preparation and appearance of your executive resume. While these people are just trying to be helpful, many of their opinions have no basis in fact.

There is, however, one question that we are frequently asked, and it does have a logical answer based on the persons experience and qualifications: Should my executive resume be one page or two pages in length? While there is much to are the, be said in favor of brevity, a one-page executive resume that does not adequately sell the alton service, depth and breadth of the candidates experience is doomed to failure. Similarly, a two-page executive resume that contains a generous amount of non-essential information in order to fill-up both pages will not impress anyone. Even though 98% of the production possibilities curve, executive resumes we write are two pages long, our determination as to the appropriate length for each specific client is made only after we have had an customer, opportunity to evaluate the persons background and competitive situation. EXECUTIVE RESUME EXAMPLES THAT PAINT THE PERFECT PICTURE.

Well-Honed Packaging Marketing Skills Win The Best Jobs Faster Easier. Through actual observations of our clients over the years, it is chicano history, quite obvious that those who become most adept at packaging and marketing themselves are far more effective at job hunting than their other equally qualified job seekers who invest less effort into the process. Alton Towers Customer Service? Those who can develop the the history of social, best written marketing materials, those who aggressively pursue the towers service, types of Government Essay, companies they have targeted, and those who have the most effective interviewing skills are the ones with the greatest chance for customer, success. These are also the people who will often be able to job order, cut several unnecessary and unwanted months off their average job-search time. This is towers customer service, certainly a goal well worth pursuing. Can You Write Your Own Resume?

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Worked with me to come up with a viable solution to meet the alton, timeline. Easy to possibilities curve, work with and have the customer's best interest in alton service, mind. You can find less expensive alternatives but the quality and responsiveness is well worth the price. Vice President of Operations, Explorys Inc. Our relationship with a new client always starts from the position of extending our trust to chicano history, them and giving them an alton customer, opportunity to respond in kind. For many years, we have worked this way with executives from industry leading companies, few of them listed below. BIGGEST CHALLENGE - CHANGING AN INDUSTRY In our most recently conducted survey of executives seeking employment, 12% said their biggest challenge was changing an industry. What Are The? So, what unique challenges does this create for an executive resume? And what are the common ways to overcome them. BIGGEST CHALLENGE - MAKING YOUR RESUME LOOK MORE EXECUTIVE In our most recently conducted survey of executives, 35% said their biggest challenge was making their resume look more executive.

So, what makes a resume an executive resume? And how does it differ from resumes of experienced. WHAT IS YOUR BIGGEST EXECUTIVE RESUME CHALLENGE? Recently we conducted a survey of executives who are actively looking to alton towers customer service, update their resumes or creating a new executive resume. Our question was quite simple: What is your biggest resume challenge?.

While there was quite a variety of.

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essay on alton towers service, gentlemans 1731-1868: An Electronic Union List. alius amicus Urbani. I wish to express my thanks to the staff of the Electronic Text Center of the University of Virginia for providing the technical expertise and the meticulous care necessary to launch this database as an online publication. In particular I wish to thank David M. Seaman, former Director of the Center, who suggested the union list, and Matthew Gibson, Associate Director of the Center, who has overseen its completion. I owe a debt of gratitude to Luther Fredrick Carter, President of Francis Marion University, and Richard N. Chapman, Provost of Francis Marion University, for their longstanding collegial interest in my research and their enthusiastic support of this project. I would also like to express my appreciation to the Francis Marion University Board of Trustees for graciously creating the position of did louis xiv support the arts, Trustee Research Scholar which has afforded me crucial additional time to devote to the completion of this research.

I am very grateful to alton towers the reference staff of Rogers Library, in particular Roger K. What Are The Four! Hux and John M. Summer, for their ready assistance over many years; and to Julian Pooley, FSA, Manager of the customer Surrey History Centre, Kingston upon Thames, and director of the Nichols Archive Project, who has generously made his vast database of transcripts of Nichols manuscript correspondence available to me, thus enabling me to identify the authors of scores of letters, articles, and obituaries in the Gentleman's Magazine that would otherwise have remained unattributed. Finally, I would like to thank John Nichols, John Bowyer Nichols, John Gough Nichols, Isabella Nichols, and Richard Gough, who assembled the attributions of authorship in the original Nichols File of the Gentleman's Magazine laboriously, over many years, with pen and ink, and cost, who, if they were alive today, would deeply appreciate the amazing possibilities of electronic databases. From its founding in 1731 by the printer Edward Cave, to alton towers its heyday under Cave's successors, David Henry and John Nichols, the Gentleman's Magazine was one of the most influential periodicals in Britain. The breadth of its coverage is stunning. Possibilities Curve! The fluctuating prices of grain or coal or Smithfield beef, daily closing quotations for stocks and bonds, mortality figures (categorized by disease) for the city of London, theatre reviews, original poetry, the parliamentary debates, theological disputes, lists of promotions civil and military, Church preferments, and obituaries by the thousands all crowd the pages of the magazine.

In addition, as an indispensable source of towers customer service, news to its loyal readership scattered throughout the towns, villages, country houses, and parsonages of job order system, Britain, the Gentleman's Magazine was unsurpassed. There if nowhere else could eighteenth- and early-nineteenth-century readers in remote corners of the nation find what was often their first account of the towers news of the day, whether it be the Lisbon Earthquake of 1755, 1 the unearthing of mosaics and frescoes at Herculaneum, 2 Benjamin Franklin's experiments with the lightning rod and with the kite and the key, 3 the what are the biomolecules hanging and burning of Phoebe Harris for coining, 4 the visit of the chief of the Yamacraw Indians to the court of George II, 5 the ambush of General Braddock in the woods near Fort Duquesne, 6 the skirmish at Lexington and Concord, 7 the latest method of cutting for cataracts before anesthesia, 8 the alton ongoing debate over the application of caustics for breast cancer, 9 the Gordon Riots of what are the, 1780 10 and towers service, the Peterloo Massacre of 1819, 11 the guillotining of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, 12 the discovery of the Rosetta Stone, 13 or the mutiny on the Bounty . 14 Certainly for Government Essay, present-day researchers the GM constitutes a mine of contemporary information concerning virtually every facet of British life and public interest during the first century of the magazine's existence. When Edward Cave (1691-1754) established the Gentleman's Magazine in 1731 in offices above the sixteenth-century gate of St. John's Priory in alton, Clerkenwell, he could not have known that he was creating what would become a literary institution. His intention was to launch a monthly magazine that would provide foreign and domestic intelligence, original poetry, helpful hints covering everything from agriculture to home remedies, and possibilities curve, a digest of newspaper excerpts on leading topics of the day, tailored to attract readers in London and points beyond. Alton Towers! Listing himself only as printer on the magazine's title page, Cave created a fictitious editor, Sylvanus Urban, Gent., borrowing the name from a 1691 newspaper, Urbanicus and Rusticus , in testimony to his hopes of what biomolecules, appealing to alton customer city and country dwellers alike.

The early monthly numbers were short (48 pages), and the domestic news columns were deliberately sensationalist, 15 reporting supposed sightings of in what did louis the arts, mermen; 16 graphic accounts of hanging, drawing, and alton, quartering, of ways xiv support the arts, spousal abuse, and of the trial and punishment of Eleanor Beare, the peripatetic abortionist; 17 and the issuance of an all-points-bulletin for the capture of Dick Turpin, the alton customer service highwayman. 18 Excerpts from newspapers constituted a large proportion of the monthly numbers during Cave's regime, fed in the 1730s by the escalating press war generated by job order cost system, the Opposition's efforts to alton service oust Robert Walpole and during the 1740s by debate over the conduct of the War of the Austrian Succession and by the national fright over cost, the Jacobite Rebellion of the 'Forty-Five. 19 The number of original submissions remained small except for letters posing or responding to mathematical queries, commentaries on astronomy and theology, and a plethora of verse contributions, most of dubious merit. Within two years of the founding of the GM Cave added a new feature that would make his magazine justly famous: the printing of a crude form of the alton towers service parliamentary debates in defiance of the House of Commons' ban on just such an undertaking. Capitalizing on an ambiguity in the Commons' rules that might be interpreted to permit reporting of the debates after but not during a parliamentary session, Cave took the risk and Government, with the August 1732 issue began regularly devoting the GM 's lead article to Debates in Parliament. 20 The accounts were necessarily makeshift, a pastiche of excerpts mined from Abel Boyer's Political State of Great Britain and of notes Cave and his friends managed to take in secret, with smuggled pencil stubs and scraps of paper balanced on their knees as they sat in the Strangers' Gallery. The resultant speeches, reconstructed in a nearby tavern by the historians William Guthrie and Thomas Birch from the pooled jottings and retentive memories of Cave and his helpers, 21 were approximations at best and sometimes were more reflective of the redactors' political prejudices than the thoughts of the speakers themselves. Samuel Johnson, who eventually succeeded Guthrie as the compiler of the debates, was notorious for alton customer, putting his own words into system, the Members' mouths and alton customer service, making sure, as he once told Sir George Staunton, to put Sir Robert Walpole in the wrong, and to say every thing he could against the electorate of Hanover.

22 When an affronted House of Commons in April 1738 forbade the reporting of its debates at any time, regardless of whether or not the sessions had ended, the GM simply renamed its monthly leader Debates of the are the four Senate of Lilliput, complete with thinly disguised anagrams or corruptions of the customer service Members' names. Chicano History! 23 The device worked perfectly until Cave brazenly reported the treason trial of the Jacobite rebel, Simon, Baron Lovat, before the alton House of Lords in chicano history, April 1747. Arrested, convicted of breach of privilege by the Upper Chamber, fined, and compelled to beg forgiveness on his knees at the bar of the Lords, 24 Cave reluctantly ordered a moratorium on the printing of the debates, only resuming the feature in 1752. With the death of Edward Cave in 1754 and the succession of alton customer, David Henry (1709-92) and four biomolecules, later John Nichols (1745-1826) to the mantle of Sylvanus Urban, the GM entered into a period of tremendous growth, not only in the length of its monthly numbers but also in the range of materials offered up to the magazine's readers. Henry began the transformation, working after 1778 in customer service, close cooperation with Nichols, who that year became part proprietor of the GM with Henry, handled much of the Propaganda Essay editorial duties of the magazine during the 1780s, and succeeded Henry as editor in towers customer, 1791. Under the two men's direction the GM vastly expanded its literary and theatrical reviews, with John Hawkesworth (1720-73), 25 Rev.

John Duncombe (1729-86), and chicano history, Richard Gough (1735-1809) serving successively as chief literary critics for the magazine. At the same time, the GM all but abandoned the customer service practice of allotting large amounts of space to Propaganda excerpts from the newspaper press, with the alton towers exception of the early 1760s, when the nation was caught up in a contentious debate over Lord North's Peace of Paris. Just as the magazine in Propaganda, Cave's day brought mathematical and astronomical concerns before its readership, the GM under the aegis of Henry and Nichols continued its coverage of pure and customer service, applied science, publishing letters on Halley's Comet, Herschel's discovery of Uranus, Vincent Lunardi's balloon flight (the first in Britain), and Edward Jenner's discovery of vaccination for chicano history, smallpox; 26 disquisitions on archaeology and numismatics; meteorological diaries; descriptions of newly invented agricultural implements, including a diagram of Jethro Tull's seed drill; 27 and synopses of the Transactions of the Royal Society . Building on readers' interest in Samuel Johnson's earlier series on the lives of celebrated admirals, the GM gave extensive space to accounts of voyages of discovery, most notably a lengthy series of articles on Captain James Cook's voyage of alton customer, 1768-71 in the Endeavour . 28 David Henry, who was a friend of Benjamin Franklin and in what ways did louis xiv support the arts, a first cousin of alton customer service, Patrick Henry of Virginia, was particularly interested in news from America, and under his direction and that of Nichols the GM provided substantial coverage of chicano history, events in the New World, reporting with remarkable impartiality the build-up and progress of the American Revolution and alton towers customer service, milestones in the history of the new republic, including the ratification of the Constitution (printed in its entirety), 29 festivities attending the chicano history inauguration of George Washington (himself a subscriber to the GM ), 30 the naming of Washington's first cabinet and Supreme Court appointees, 31 the laying out service, of the District of what are the biomolecules, Columbia, 32 and the publication of Washington's Farewell Address (printed in towers customer, entirety). 33 Henry and the history, Nichols carried on Cave's tradition of embellishing the magazine with illustrative plates and alton, filled the system GM with superbly executed engravings of birds, maps, coins, Roman inscriptions, country houses, Bronze-Age dolmens, erupting volcanoes, and alton customer, South Sea islanders. Nichols doubled the size of the magazine, which grew from its original 600 pages per Propaganda year to a two-part, 1,200-page annual publication beginning in 1783; and he expanded the GM 's obituary columns and memoirs to such a degree and with such assiduousness that he earned the unflattering sobriquet of death-hunter. 34 Above all, Henry and Nichols presided over a magazine overwhelmingly devoted to original submissions from a growing readership, 35 submissions that flowed in by the thousands from alton customer service chiefly anonymous or pseudonymous contributors, avid to see their offerings in print. The use of fictitious signatures offered several advantages to Mr.

Urban's correspondents. System! In an age when many gentlemen still regarded writing for the papers as a dubious activity fit only for Grub Street hacks, such literary camouflage provided contributors the protection of anonymity. It afforded others of more liberal mind the delight of concealing their identities behind classical pseudonyms, artfully crafted anagrams, and misleading sets of initials. In addition, the use of a variety of different signatures by the same contributors permitted them the amusement of deceiving their readers by corresponding with themselves, as well as the luxury of alton customer, correcting their own mistakes with minimal loss of face. Production Curve! Thus in 1793 Samuel Pegge the Elder, signing L.E. (the terminal letters of his name), contributes a letter, Natural Son of Richard III, 36 correcting his own 1767 submission on the same subject, 37 signed T. Row (the initial letters of the Rector of Whittington, his Derbyshire living). Alton Towers Customer! In similar vein, John Hawkesworth in November 1764 sends the GM a piece signed J.H. enclosing Rules for Writing and Speaking correctly, which purports to be a Letter from production a Father to a Daughter concerning grammar. 38 The next month Hawkesworth dispatches an unsigned letter, The Folly of useless Words exposed, 39 writing, To the very useful letter of your ingenious correspondent, p. 519, I shall take the liberty of adding, as a general rule, that useless words should be always carefully avoided. . . . John Nichols, himself a prolific contributor, was not above assuming the opposite gender to confuse his readers. Not only did he submit a multitude of letters signed M. Alton Towers Customer Service! Green (taken from the name of his second wife, Martha Green); in Government Propaganda, addition, in a 1795 letter, Burial Ground of the Jews at Mile-end described, 40 Nichols, coyly signing himself Eusebia, writes, I don't know, Mr.

Urban, what you will say to service my inquisitive pen. Your sex can introduce themselves into any house that bears the character of antique; but a female Antiquary can only under the friendly veil of an assumed name, in your Magazine, satisfy her boundless curiosity. Since some women did contribute to Government Propaganda the magazine, including Anna Seward (who generally signed her own name to towers customer service her submissions), the GM 's readers probably accepted Nichols's deception. Subtle changes start to Propaganda appear in the content of the GM during the service early nineteenth century, as John Nichols began to relinquish more and more control of the operation of the magazine to his son, John Bowyer Nichols, who had become a partner in possibilities curve, the firm in 1800; and those changes accelerated after John Nichols's death in 1826. Under John Bowyer the magazine allotted an increased amount of alton customer service, space to religious topics, just as it would later expand its interest in antiquarian and archaeological submissions and reports from in what ways the arts learned societies under the influence of John Bowyer's son, John Gough Nichols. An inevitable byproduct of the alton GM 's new focus was a diminution in the variety of its offerings, together with a loss of the sense of spontaneity that had distinguished the magazine for job order, many decades. With changing times and customs fewer contributors indulged in the literary game of signing letters with reversed initials, classical pseudonyms, or ingenious anagrams. Customer Service! With altered editorial policies and the commencement of chicano history, new series in 1834 and 1856, less and less space was allotted to letters to alton customer service the editor from the GM 's far-flung readership.

The thousands of letters to Sylvanus Urban, by turns whimsical or argumentative or recondite, that had been the mainstay of the magazine under David Henry's and John Nichols's stewardship dwindled to a trickle, relegated increasingly to production possibilities curve the Minor Correspondence page or to the filler rounding out each monthly number. Mr. Service! Urban in his mid-nineteenth-century incarnation was clearly less interested in the topics and passions that had preoccupied his eighteenth-century readers: the interpretation of did louis the arts, a troublesome passage in Juvenal; 41 details of a newly discovered Roman coin; 42 helpful methods for destroying black beetles in London kitchens; 43 the elucidation of the towers customer origins of the phrase to run amuck; 44 the security minute description of a curious, and . . . non-descript . . Alton Service! . caterpillar . . Ways Did Louis The Arts! . Alton Customer! [,] uncommonly large and beautiful, found in a potato field in Kent. 45 Under the direction of John Bowyer Nichols and his editor, the Rev. John Mitford, longer articles and reviews, written by a staff of paid contributors, replaced the myriad short items and letters on a vast variety of subjects that had formerly crowded Mr. Urban's pages. 46 In addition, contributions tended more and more to be signed, as authors ceased to bother with maintaining the pretense of possibilities, anonymity. Unquestionably the Gentleman's Magazine in customer, its mid-nineteenth-century format was quite a different animal from the periodical that had appeared under Edward Cave's direction a century and a quarter before.

Alterations in production possibilities curve, style and content only intensified in early 1850, when contributions signed with initials and pseudonyms virtually disappeared except for the Minor Correspondence section. In the mid 1860s the pace of change became precipitous. The Nichols family had already sold the magazine in 1856, and J. H. Alton Towers Customer Service! Parker (successor to John Nichols's grandson, John Gough Nichols, as editor) gave up his duties in 1865. The History Of Social! The latest publishers (Bradbury, Evans, and Co.) launched a second new series (commencing with Vol. 220 for January- June 1866) with the sanguine promise that the GM would maintain its strength in antiquarian matters, cover a more diverse array of service, subjects in book reviews, reserve considerably more space for contemporary literature, and do an even better job in recording births, marriages, obituaries, and appointments.

Furthermore, the conductors assured their readers, 'Sylvanus Urban' also desires to lay open his columns much more extensively . . . to Original Correspondence, especially in matters of genealogy, topography, heraldry, local antiquities, personal and family history, folk-lore, philology, etc. 47. The promise of a Gentleman's Magazine redivivus was unhappily short-lived. After a five-volume run, the second new series came to the history of social security an end and towers customer service, with it any attempt to restore the magazine to even a semblance of its old character. Vol. 225 (June-November 1868) ushered in a third new series, under the direction of system, a different editor (Joseph Hatton) and at the reduced price of 1 s . in place of half a crown.

Calling the GM one of the institutions of the country, 48 the new management in its Preface to readers gamely tried to alton service evoke the mystique of Samuel Johnson and Edward Cave and capitalize on the magazine's venerable past, a past of which it was clearly in in what xiv support the arts, awe. Towers! True, the Preface acknowledged, the Gentleman's Magazine would be abandoning any further attempt to provide comprehensive coverage of Politics, Science, Art, the the history security parliamentary debates, literary criticism, or the activities of the learned societies, as [i]t is no longer desirable, it is indeed scarcely possible, for a monthly magazine to comprise the features to alton towers customer which the GM 's old audience had been accustomed. 49 Readers, however, could be assured that, as always, the staff would accept unsolicited contributions and attempt to find a place for them in the GM 's pages. The new number . . Are The! . is another link in the long chain that reaches back to customer 'Edward Cave at Propaganda, St. John's Gate,' Hatton asserted. We give up no jot of the Urbanian Succession. . . Towers! . 50 But to anyone familiar with the chicano history magazine in its heyday the new management's attempt to affect the towers customer service persona of Sylvanus Urban seems self-conscious, awkward, and Government Propaganda, uncomfortably anachronistic, as if the GM 's mid-Victorian editor had unsuccessfully dressed himself in alton service, borrowed robes. In the course of the following two volumes (226-227) Hatton dropped all pretense of emulating the gracious old magazine in which eighteenth- and early-nineteenth-century readers had delighted, abruptly withdrawing the welcome he had extended to unsolicited letters and articles (those mainstays of the old GM ) and jettisoning the obituaries for Propaganda, once and for all. Clearly with the commencement of the third new series in mid 1868 the Gentleman's Magazine became an entirely different entity, a thing that Edward Cave, Samuel Johnson, David Henry, John Hawkesworth, Richard Gough, John Nichols, and their readers and alton towers service, contributors would not even have recognized. In What Ways! It is a sad conclusion for alton, anyone who (like John Goodford in 1824) would sign himself URBANI AMICUS. 51.

The Gentleman's Magazine has for many decades been the subject of chicano history, close scrutiny by researchers endeavoring to determine the authorship of the vast number of anonymous and pseudonymous letters, articles, reviews, poems, memoirs, and notes filling its volumes from 1731 until mid-1868, when new editors recast the magazine and irretrievably altered its make-up. Many scholars have directed their attention to the initial decades of the customer service GM 's existence, particularly the Edward Cave epoch (1731-54), attracted in part by chicano history, the fact that those were the years that saw the bulk of Samuel Johnson's involvement with the magazine. Early studies by customer, C. Job Order Cost! Lennart Carlson ( The First Magazine: A History of the Gentleman's Magazine [Providence: Brown UP, 1938]), Donald F. Bond (The Gentleman's Magazine, Modern Philology 38 [1940]: 85-100, with its extensive corrections and additions to Carlson), and alton towers customer service, Albert Pailler ( Edward Cave et le Gentleman's Magazine [1731-1754] [2 vols.; Lille: Atelier Reproduction des Theses, 1975]) provided numerous attributions of authorship of the Propaganda Essay GM 's poetry, as has Titia Ram's recent Magnitude in Marginality: Edward Cave and The Gentleman's Magazine , 1731-1754, Containing a First-Line Index of service, all the Poems, With Notes and References on Authorship (N.p.: Gottmann Fainsilber Katz, 1999). While Carlson, Bond, Pailler, and the history, Ram have concentrated overwhelmingly on the GM 's poetry, works by other scholars have focused on identifying prose submissions to towers the GM , particularly John L. Abbott's John Hawkesworth: Eighteenth-Century Man of Letters (Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1982) for Hawkesworth contributions; Bertram H. Cost! Davis's A Proof of Eminence: The Life of Sir John Hawkins (Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1973) for Hawkins finds; Claude E. Jones's Charles Woodmason as a Poet ( South Carolina Historical Magazine 59 [1958]: 189-194) for submissions from colonial South Carolina by alton customer service, Woodmason; James M. Osborn's Dr. Ways Did Louis Xiv Support! Johnson's 'Intimate Friend' ( TLS , 9 October 1953, p. 652) for Stephen Barrett finds; James L. Clifford's Johnson and alton service, Lauder ( Philological Quarterly 54 [1975]: 342-356) for William Lauder and William Brakenridge entries; and Arthur Sherbo's From the Gentleman's Magazine . . . ( Studies in Bibliography 35 [1982]: 285-305). In addition, numerous specialists in the literary career of chicano history, Samuel Johnson have worked painstakingly to identify an impressive number of Johnson's contributions to the GM . (See Section V below.) When James M. Kuist published The Nichols File of The Gentleman's Magazine: Attributions of Authorship and towers, Other Documentation in Editorial Papers at the Folger Library (Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1982), he provided scholars of the periodical press with an indispensable resource: the chicano history identification of alton service, authorship of nearly 14,000 hitherto anonymous articles, reviews, poems, and other items appearing in the Gentleman's Magazine from its beginning in Propaganda Essay, 1731 until 1856, when the descendants of John Nichols relinquished ownership of the magazine. Alton Customer Service! The publication in 1982 of what are the, Kuist's Nichols File , supplying as it did the identification of the authors of thousands of the GM 's articles and letters on customer, politics, history, theology, travel, science, inventions, medicine, literature, philology, and antiquarian lore, was justly welcomed as a signal achievement in recent British press history. The History Security! However, Kuist's Nichols File , though breathtaking in its accomplishment, did not purport to be a complete listing of alton towers customer, all the known or decipherable authors of the the history of social myriad letters, articles, queries, obituaries, and verse addressed over a century and a quarter to Sylvanus Urban.

In fact, Kuist made a conscious decision to confine his list to alton towers service those attributions of authorship specifically identified in possibilities, handwritten marginal annotations by John Bowyer Nichols 52 and others in his family in the staff copy of the GM , now housed in the Folger Library. Those marginal attributions of authorship in the GM , put together by the Nichols family in a massive reconstruction of their office files after a destructive fire in 1808, contain perforce a multitude of omissions, some the result of haste or sheer carelessness on the part of the annotators, some because the authorship of certain articles and letters defied all efforts at identification, others conversely because the authors' identities seemed at the time too obvious for anyone to bother writing down. Kuist's editorial guidelines, namely, to reproduce the alton attributions in the Nichols File exactly as written, unavoidably preserved the the history annotators' omissions as well as their errors. Towers Customer Service! Sometimes John Bowyer Nichols and his fellow annotators inadvertently skipped over items--obviously identifiable signatures of Crito (John Duncombe), for example, or of Scrutator and Academicus (pseudonyms used habitually by both John Loveday the Elder and John Loveday the Younger, between whom, incidentally, the Nichols File fails to distinguish). In other cases the Nichols family recorded attributions for of social security, most but not all of the articles in a series. Towers! For instance, the file assigned (as Kuist notes) numbers 1-8 of a 1786 series entitled The Trifler to a Mr. Fush of Pembroke College, Oxford, when in actuality Edmund Fushe also wrote numbers 9-12 of the series 53 before poisoning himself with arsenic at the age of 17. In still other cases, where several poems signed with the identical pseudonym or initials appear on a single page, the annotator inscribed the author's name only once. Since Kuist's list prints only the specific poem against which the annotator happened to write the name, evidence that could be used to add a wealth of new attributions to The Nichols File is thus excluded. In addition, John Bowyer Nichols and his family seem to ways did louis xiv support have ignored crucial geographical evidence when compiling their file of attributions of authorship, failing to take advantage of the opportunity to match authors with the towns or even street addresses whence they wrote. As many of the customer service GM 's contributors chose in occasional bursts of candor to forego the anonymity of initials and sign their full names, it is possible to search forward and backward through the pages of the GM , identifying with reasonable certainty a number of unassigned contributions by means of pairing sets of initials with place-names.

J.H., a common enough signature, is for example safely identifiable as that of John Holt when it happens to appear in letters dated from Holt's home of Walton, near Liverpool, during the period when Holt was an active contributor to the magazine. In some cases, inevitably, the annotations recorded in the Nichols File are patently wrong. A major case in point consists of the file's identification of the person who used the possibilities signature L.E. Alton Customer Service! as Samuel Pegge the Younger. When the Nichols family members reconstructed their records in the wake of the conflagration of 1808, they assumed that the signature L.E. appearing from 1788 through 1795 was that of Pegge the Younger. Thus Kuist lists it for forty-two items included in The Nichols File . However, a powerful piece of earlier and chicano history, contradictory evidence exists which casts doubt on that assumption. Immediately following the death of Samuel Pegge the alton customer Elder the GM published a three-part unsigned memoir of the history, Pegge by his son, Samuel Pegge the Younger, 54 subjoining to it a comprehensive listing of virtually all of Pegge's writings published in the GM and elsewhere. 55 The 1796 list categorically attributes the towers service L.E. articles in question to Pegge the security Elder, a designation that is quite convincing. In the alton towers first place, the L.E. articles end abruptly in August 1795, a few months before Pegge the Elder's death. Second, if the GM 's comprehensive Pegge list had erroneously attributed dozens of items to Pegge the Elder, Pegge the Younger presumably would have written to the GM to correct the historical record. There is no evidence that he did so.

Furthermore, according to Nichols himself, Pegge the Propaganda Essay Younger's contributions to the GM were few in number. To Mr. Pegge we are indebted for the . . . Memoir of alton towers, his learned Father, Nichols wrote, and for several occasional contributions to chicano history the Gentleman's Magazine (italics mine). Alton! 56 The bulk of the evidence adduced thus points overwhelmingly to ways Pegge the Elder as the author of the L.E. items, items incorrectly attributed in The Nichols File to his son. With the help of the lists of known pseudonyms and alton customer, sets of initials provided in Kuist's own index, plus a mine of information contained in contemporary letters, literary memoirs, and biomolecules, the GM 's invaluable obituaries, as well as determined detective work involving the unscrambling of anagrams and the use of geographical links, it has been possible to fill literally thousands of the gaps in the record. Since the appearance of Kuist's Nichols File , a large number of post-Kuist articles and books by alton, various scholars have contributed significantly to the expansion or correction of identifications of authorship provided in The Nichols File or in earlier scholarship. Are The Four Biomolecules! Those publications include John L. Abbott's The Making of the Johnsonian Canon (in Johnson after Two Hundred Years , ed. Paul J. Customer! Korshin [Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1986]) for John Hawkesworth contributions; Marion B. Smith's South Carolina and The Gentleman's Magazine ( South Carolina Historical Magazine 95 [1994]: 102-129) for John Lining contributions; Kenneth Monkman's Did Sterne Contrive to Publish a 'Sermon' in 1738? ( The Shandean: An Annual Devoted to Laurence Sterne and His Works 4 [1992]: 111-133) for two Laurence Sterne items; Richard C. Cole's Recovering William James (fl.

1785-1797), English Writer ( ELN: English Language Notes 36 [June 1999]: 64-78) for items by William James and his wife; Robert D. Security! Pepper's Gilbert White and alton service, the 'Gentleman's Magazine' ( TLS , 31 March-6 April 1989, p. Chicano History! 339) and Gilbert White's Tiny Mouse: A Sceptical Objection in 1789 ( Notes and service, Queries n.s. 37, no. 3 [September 1990]: 315-317) for chicano history, several new attributions to Gilbert White of Selborne; Arthur Sherbo's John Coleridge and alton towers, the Gentleman's Magazine ( Bulletin of Research in the Humanities 86 [1983]: 86-93), Additions to the Nichols File of the Gentleman's Magazine ( Studies in Bibliography 37 [1984]: 228-233), The English weather, The Gentleman's Magazine , and the brothers White ( Archives of Natural History 12 [1985]: 23-29), More from the Gentleman's Magazine : Graves, Mainwaring, Wren, Sterne, Pope, Bubb Dodington, Goldsmith, Hill, Herrick, Cowper, Chatterton ( Studies in Bibliography 40 [1987]: 164-174), Further Additions to the Nichols File of the chicano history Gentleman's Magazine ( Studies in Bibliography 42 [1989]: 249-254), The Achievement of George Steevens (New York: Peter Lang, 1990), Thomas Martyn (1735-1825), 'P.B.C.': his contributions to the Gentleman's Magazine ( Archives of Natural History 22 [1995]: 51-59), Letters to Mr. Urban of the Gentleman's Magazine , 1751-1811 (Studies in customer, British History 44 [Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen P, 1997]), and William Hamilton Reid (fl. 1786-1824): A Forgotten Poet ( Studies in what, Scottish Literature 29 [1997]: 245-257) for numerous supplementary attributions both of prose and verse; and my six-part Attributions of alton towers customer, Authorship in the Gentleman's Magazine , 1731-77: A Supplement to Kuist ( Studies in Bibliography 44 [1991]: 271-302), Attributions of Authorship . Chicano History! . Alton Towers Customer Service! . , 1778- 92 . . . ( Studies in Bibliography 45 [1992]: 158-187), Attributions of chicano history, Authorship . . Alton Towers Service! . , 1793-1808 . . . ( Studies in the history of social security, Bibliography 46 [1993]: 320-349), Attributions of alton towers, Authorship . . . Ways Did Louis! , 1809-26 . . . ( Studies in Bibliography 47 [1994]: 164-195, Attributions of Authorship . Service! . . , 1827-48 . . In What! . ( Studies in Bibliography 49 [1996]: 176-207), and alton service, Attributions of Authorship . . . , 1849-68, and Addenda, 1733-1838 . . . ( Studies in Bibliography 50 [1997]: 322-58), as well as my Topographical, Antiquarian, Astronomical, and Meteorological Contributions by George Smith of Wigton in the Gentleman's Magazine , 1735-59 ( ANQ 14 [Spring 2001]: 5-12). Under the auspices of the Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia and the university's Electronic Text Center, I published from 1996 through 1999 three electronic databases amassing collectively nearly 20,000 attributions of ways xiv support, authorship of items appearing in the GM : My first electronic database, Attributions of Authorship in the Gentleman's Magazine , 1731-1868: A Supplement to Kuist (Charlottesville: Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia, 1996) was designed to towers customer service integrate and in several instances correct the identifications of Propaganda Essay, authorship I had published in my six-part Attributions of Authorship in alton towers service, the Gentleman's Magazine . . Government! . , Studies in Bibliography 44 (1991): 271-302, 45 (1992): 158-187, 46 (1993): 320-349, 47 (1994): 164-195, 49 (1996): 176-207, and 50 (1997): 322- 58. Alton Towers Service! Attributions of Authorship . . . : A Supplement to in what did louis xiv support the arts Kuist added approximately 4,000 new or corrected attributions of authorship in the GM to the items catalogued by Kuist in the Nichols File . In addition to providing an integrated list, publication of my finds in the form of an electronic database had the further advantage of towers service, insuring that the information contained in are the four, the database was accessible to scholars through a variety of alton customer, means including searches by author, title, volume and Propaganda, page, date, source of attribution, and (when applicable) pseudonyms used by contributors.

My second electronic database, Attributions of Authorship in the Gentleman's Magazine , 1731-1868: A Synthesis of Finds Appearing Neither in Kuist's Nichols File nor in de Montluzin's Supplement to Kuist (Charlottesville: Bibliographical Society of the University of towers service, Virginia, 1997) brought together over 1,850 additional attributions of authorship of items in the GM . The History Of Social Security! Those items, synthesized for the first time in one comprehensive supplementary list, were compiled from approximately sixty books and articles by various scholars who, over customer service, a number of decades, had made their own significant contributions to the identification of the anonymous authors of the GM 's letters, reviews, articles, poems, and staff notes. Since those additional attributions were scattered through very many publications (many of chicano history, them out of alton, print), and since a number of Propaganda Essay, those publications bore titles nondescriptive of their relevance to Gentleman's Magazine studies, researchers interested in the GM had long been hard-pressed to alton make effective use of them, even when aware of their existence. The publication of Attributions of Authorship in the Gentleman's Magazine , 1731-1868: A Synthesis of Finds . . . Job Order Cost! , by consolidating information hitherto scattered throughout numerous and often obscure references, thus dramatically simplified the efforts of towers customer service, GM researchers to track down attributions of authorship that did not appear in Kuist's Nichols File or in my first GM database. Taken together, my first two GM databases added forty percent to the total number of items available in Kuist, presenting the finds in a way that permitted researchers to conduct an electronic search of the two GM databases simultaneously. The purpose of my third electronic text, Attributions of Authorship in the Gentleman's Magazine : An Electronic Version of James M. Kuist's The Nichols File of the ways the arts Gentleman's Magazine (Charlotte: Bibliographical Society of the University of towers customer, Virginia, 1999), was to recast Kuist's Nichols File , with its 13,950 attributions of authorship, as an biomolecules online database in a format identical to that used in my first two GM electronic publications. Researchers already familiar with Kuist's Nichols File in its bound version are of course aware that The Nichols File contains two catalogues. The first (and by far the more valuable for most users) consists of the aforementioned list of nearly 14,000 attributions of authorship of items printed in the Gentleman's Magazine , attributions transcribed by Kuist and towers, his research associates directly from the marginal annotations in the Folger copy of the GM . Catalogue II, Documents in what biomolecules, the Gentleman's Magazine , contains lists of drawings, printed materials in the Folger Nichols File, and a variety of manuscripts, associated documents, and other papers pertaining to the GM , either tipped into the pages of the magazine or maintained separately by John Nichols and his descendants. Though Catalogue II provides valuable information for students of the alton towers Nichols family publishing business (and though it has furnished me with many useful clues in my own efforts to identify contributors to the magazine in the mid nineteenth century), it was not germane to the scope of the online version of Kuist's Nichols File and thus was excluded from the database. The greatest challenge in converting the printed version of Kuist into an electronic format compatible with my earlier GM databases was one of rearrangement of the material. Kuist's Nichols File as originally published is first arranged alphabetically by author, then alphabetically within each author's entry in terms of the often numerous pseudonyms or initials the author used, and then chronologically within those subdivisions. Despite the best efforts of production possibilities, Kuist's team of researchers, there are unfortunately frequent errors in the above sequence, not only in alphabetizing but in the listing of alton towers customer service, volume numbers, page numbers, dates, and job order system, signatures as well.

Since each of my GM databases begins with a complete chronological listing of the attributions contained therein (followed by an alphabetical synopsis by contributor as a cross reference), the first task was to convert an alphabetical arrangement of all of the attributions in Kuist's volume into a strictly chronological listing. It was then essential to compare each typed entry with the corresponding item in the microfilm version of the GM itself, making sure that errors in volume numbers, page numbers, dates, and signatures were corrected. Towers! I also used the opportunity to substitute exact titles for Kuist's shortened ones, to cite book titles in the review sections in their entirety unless doing so was impractical, to list proper names in full whenever possible, and to add interpolated explanatory phrases where needed. The present database, Attributions of Authorship in the Gentleman's Magazine , 1731- 1868: An Electronic Union List , is designed to bring together in one key-word-searchable and fully browsable electronic text the total number of known attributions of authorship of the GM 's letters, articles, reviews, poems, and other items, gleaned from all available published and unpublished sources for system, the magazine. It consists in part of an integration of my three previous electronic databases, as corrected and refined. However, the union list goes far beyond those texts to expand the citations of thousands of service, items in order to make them more conducive to key-word searches, to create new indices of contributors and of pseudonyms, and to incorporate over 6,000 new finds, many of them from the GM 's eighteenth-century run (the period least well represented in in what xiv support, Kuist's Nichols File ). Designed to facilitate searches by proper name and subject (as well as by volume, page, date, and pseudonymous signature), and presented in a logical and clear sequence, Attributions of Authorship in the Gentleman's Magazine , 1731-1868: An Electronic Union List at last makes it possible to bring together in one electronically accessible, fully browsable, and towers customer service, user-friendly format the 25,585 known attributions of authorship in Government, Georgian England's greatest magazine. Like my three earlier GM electronic texts, the union list contains a complete Chronological Listing of all of the attributions of authorship contained in alton towers, the database, followed by an alphabetized Synopsis by Contributor supplied as a cross reference to the approximately 2,362 contributors whose work is encompassed in four, the database. Expanding upon an additional feature I had provided in the online version of alton towers customer service, Kuist's Nichols File , I have also included a comprehensive Index of Pseudonyms and Initials used by way of possibilities curve, signature in all of the items cited in the present database.

The present database, like my first GM electronic text and the six-part series of articles that preceded it, makes extensive evidentiary use of Kuist's list of thousands of manuscript articles and unprinted letters to the GM 's editors dating mainly from the alton towers customer 1830s, 1840s, and 1850s, materials which form the bulk of Catalogue II in Kuist's Nichols File . With the help of information contained in Catalogue II it has been possible to arrive at hundreds of attributions of authorship, though the use of Catalogue II requires caution. Not every would-be contributor proposing to review a work for the magazine was in the end commissioned to do so. In addition, as Catalogue II demonstrates, in various instances several writers sent letters to Bowyer Nichols and his staff offering to review the same publication. As a result, I have continued to of social treat as tentative all attributions of authorship based on offers from would-be contributors to supply book reviews, memoirs, and the like, unless the evidence makes it certain that the proffered material was actually accepted. I have continued to designate those attributions as tentative where they appear in alton service, the union list.

The union list, like the online version of Kuist's Nichols File , contains hundreds of attributions of review articles written by in what ways did louis xiv support, Richard Gough, the leading reviewer for the Gentleman's Magazine during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Those items present special difficulties, because the customer service Nichols File contains disconcerting ambiguities with regard to their proper attribution. Since their ultimate authority is Gough himself, those attributions ironically should be among the most certain in the GM . Knowing that his old friend John Nichols was struggling to reassemble his papers and in what xiv support the arts, literary collections after the towers service 1808 fire at his printing office, Gough kindly bequeathed to Nichols his personal set of volumes of the what are the four biomolecules GM with Gough's own contributions marked therein. When John Bowyer Nichols and his fellow annotators set about reconstructing their files, they transferred Gough's annotations to their own set of GM volumes. Alton Customer Service! 57 However, in many cases Gough's book reviews were not marked individually.

Instead, Gough's contributions to the review sections of the GM were all too often designated with the catch-all phrase, the various works on cost system, these pages. Kuist in the printed version of the Nichols File repeated those words exactly, bloc-listing entire review sections instead of listing the alton service reviews individually. (Incidentally, Kuist's decision to preserve the Essay designation en masse of Richard Gough's reviews accounts for nearly 800 items in the thousand-odd discrepancy between the nearly 13,000 attributions Kuist thought he had in the Nichols File and the 13,950 attributions that he actually had.) Sometimes the designation the various works on these pages is clear enough, but in other cases the placement of articles on a page in the GM makes attribution of authorship very difficult indeed. In preparing the union list I have maintained certain conventions I adopted in the online version of the Nichols File to assure consistency in the listing of Richard Gough's attributions of authorship. First, it is clear enough that if a review begins on a page included in the specific page range but ends after that page range (or conversely ends on service, a page included in the specified page range but begins before that page range), it was not meant to be attributed to Gough. I have not included any such items in Gough's list.

However, the main problem lies in numerous instances in which a piece definitely attributed to Gough ends on job order system, the last page of a page range but is followed by one or more works that fall entirely on that same page. Should they also be attributed to Gough, since they are certainly among the towers various works on these pages? The same difficulty arises at curve, the beginning of a specified range of pages, when several reviews fall totally on the first page of the page range, followed by towers customer, a review that spills over from the cost system first to alton towers the second page in the range. Should the preceding reviews on the first page likewise be attributed to Gough? Unless there is a convincing reason to make an exception, I have attributed such ambiguous reviews that fall at the beginning or end of the page range provisionally to Gough, including the designation [? (attribution unclear in Kuist)] in the text of the entry. Chicano History! Though the attribution of alton towers service, certain items to Gough remains perforce an imprecise business, the application of the Government Propaganda above conventions at alton towers service, least insures consistency. 58.

The identification of Samuel Johnson's contributions to the GM presents unusual difficulties centering upon a host of ways, conflicting claims, published over many years, concerning Johnson's authorship of various disputed items. This is particularly true with regard to Johnson's role in the compilation of alton service, portions of the parliamentary debates. In preparing the union list I have continued to follow conventions I developed for my second GM database to govern the are the four inclusion of purported Johnson attributions. For a discussion of the conflicting evidence with regard to Johnson's contributions to the GM and a synopsis of the guidelines I have adopted for the inclusion of Johnson items in the union list, readers should consult Section V of this introduction. The union list contains over 6,000 new attributions of authorship.

Many of them involve items excerpted from the London newspaper press chiefly during the 1730s-1760s, items written for alton towers customer, the papers by such contributors as Samuel Johnson, Henry Fielding, Lord Chesterfield, Arthur Murphy, John Hawkesworth, John Wilkes, Charles Churchill, Tobias Smollett, and Henry St. In What Ways Xiv Support The Arts! John, Lord Bolingbroke, which were not listed in the earlier electronic texts. In preparing the alton towers revised union list, I have decided that, though those items are reprinted material, they should nevertheless be included where appropriate, in order to make the record of authorship of items in the GM as complete as possible. (For a full discussion of the guidelines I have used for the inclusion of newspaper excerpts, readers should consult Section VI of this introduction.) The union list also makes use of various attributions of chicano history, authorship kindly furnished to me by Edward W. Pitcher, Emeritus Professor of towers service, English, the University of Alberta, from his massive research on eighteenth-century magazines, and by Julian Pooley, Director of the Surrey History Centre, from his ongoing Nichols Project, a tremendous undertaking dedicated to the creation of an electronic database cataloging thousands of manuscript letters written by and to John Nichols and his descendants which are currently scattered throughout many public and private collections on both sides of the Atlantic. In addition, in order to make the union list as comprehensive and cost system, useful as possible, I have chosen to alton towers include several thousand items which, though signed, bear only a partial and therefore potentially confusing signature. Production Possibilities Curve! Writers familiar enough to eighteenth-century readers have in many cases sunk into towers customer service, obscurity; and possibilities, though the signatures J. Sackette or G. Smith would have meaning for the GM 's subscribers in the 1740s, it is useful for alton towers customer, readers today to known that those signatures refer specifically to Rev. John Sackette (d. 1753; clergyman and poet) and to George Smith of Wigton (d. 1773; astronomer, topographer, and traveler), respectively.

The union list also incorporates Arthur Sherbo's valuable corrections concerning items by Rev. John Kynaston (who wrote under the signatures Q. of Wigan and Q. of what are the biomolecules, Caerhaes, Cornwall, and whose work I had earlier misattributed to Richard Gough). Throughout the union list I have made every reasonable effort to list all proper names in full, tracking down the individuals in question in customer service, the Dictionary of chicano history, National Biography , the Oxford and alton service, Cambridge alumni lists, the British Library's General Catalogue of Printed Books , Robert Watt's Bibliotheca Britannica (Edinburgh, 1824), David Erskine Baker's Biographia Dramatica (London, 1812), the GM obituary lists, and other references. Curve! Contributors to the GM , especially in the eighteenth century, could be maddeningly inexact in referring to persons, who were generally identified by surname only (Mr. Smith, Dr. Middleton), by alton customer, pseudonym (Clericus, your recent Correspondent from Wigton), or by ambiguous references to title (Earl of in what ways the arts, H---ke, the late Bishop of London).

The GM 's index-makers, even the customer service otherwise meticulous John Nichols himself, made no attempt to remedy the deficiency but merely opted to record names in indices as originally listed in the text. Possibilities Curve! Indeed, indices of persons mentioned in the lengthy lists of births, marriages, deaths, appointments, and preferments for the early decades of the GM habitually provided nothing beyond surnames, leaving researchers with the mind-boggling task of alton towers service, searching, for example, through hundreds of citations (many directing the reader to the wrong volume or page) for an elusive Mr. White, full name unknown. Any GM researcher who has wrestled with the problem of incomplete references to persons will feel instant sympathy with Rev. Samuel Pegge the Elder, who in a fit of exasperation wrote in 1792 to rail against both the magazine's careless omission of first names and its frequent slip-ups in citation: A Gentleman, whose signature is G.M. . . . proposes to give information of an English translation of Homer, by the Bp. of Ossory; and the account appears to be very satisfactory. But who is this Bp. of Ossory, now defunct? I am in the dark, and cannot help myself, as there is no series of the are the four biomolecules prelates of that see in any book I have; and 500 or 1000 of your readers, Mr. Towers! Urban, I am inclined to believe, are in the same predicament. But the paper in question, it may be said, is in answer to Academicus . But in security, what year, and in what month, and in alton towers service, what page, am I to find Mr. Academicus?

So that I am in the dark here again. In short, Sir, one would always wish authors to be as plain and explicit as they can, and to give their readers no unnecessary or perplexing trouble. Another culpable piece of conduct, Mr. Biomolecules! Urban, in alton, many of your very numerous correspondents, is, that they say, Mr. In What Xiv Support The Arts! Jackson , or Mr. Thompson , c. without giving the Christian name of the person; as if there was no other person of the name in England but the party there spoken of; whereas every body knows what numbers of alton customer, Jacksons and Thompsons we have in this island.

One name might do in Government Propaganda Essay, the Saxon times, where few surnames were used, the Christian names were so various, and the country was not so populous as now; but at this time, it is customer, inexcusable in chicano history, writers to omit the Christian names of such popular denominations as Smith, Taylor, Wood, c. without premising the prenomen, unless the person intended be very eminent, or some way concerned with the business in hand. Following up on the expanded form of alton towers customer, citation that I had introduced into the online version of Kuist's Nichols File , I have taken the opportunity to system replace the short titles listed in thousands of alton, items in my first and second GM databases with complete titles for all letters, articles, poems, and what four biomolecules, book reviews. As a further assistance to users, I have taken care to alton add explanatory phrases in ways xiv support the arts, brackets to indicate subject matter (Catholic Emancipation, slave trade, Test Act, Regency Bill, etc.) in alton towers, instances of titles that are otherwise nondescriptive of the contents of the production curve items in question. In the alton case of certain contributors (notably James Roche and James Temple Mansel) who wrote unusually discursive essays, I have made sure to in what include in alton customer, the titles all of the various subjects that appear as page headings in the articles. My aim throughout has been to make the union list not just a listing of who wrote what in the Gentleman's Magazine but also a user-friendly resource for four, researchers interested in English literature, history, economics, medicine, science, theological controversies, topography, and antiquarian matters, presenting the text in a way that would not only be fully browsable but would readily permit key-word searches by name or topic. Researchers attempting to alton service piece together an accounting of chicano history, which items Samuel Johnson did or did not write for the GM must sift through the claims and counterclaims advanced by service, numerous Johnson scholars. The obvious starting points are William Prideaux Courtney's and David Nichol Smith's A Bibliography of Samuel Johnson (Oxford: Clarendon P, 1915), the Government first of the twentieth-century attempts to alton customer service put together a reliable Johnson canon, and J. D. Fleeman's A Bibliography of the Works of Samuel Johnson, Treating of his Published Works from the Beginnings to 1984 , 2 vols. (Oxford: Clarendon P, 2000); 60 W. J. In What Did Louis Xiv Support The Arts! Bate, John M. Alton Customer Service! Bullitt, and L. F. Powell, eds., The Idler and The Adventurer (vol. 2 of The Yale Edition of the Works of Samuel Johnson [New Haven: Yale UP, 1963]; W. J. Bate and ways did louis, Albrecht B. Strauss, eds., The Rambler (vols. 3-5 of The Yale Edition of the Works of Samuel Johnson [New Haven: Yale UP, 1969]; E. L. McAdam, Jr., and George Milne, eds., Samuel Johnson: Poems (vol. 6 of The Yale Edition of the alton towers service Works of Samuel Johnson [New Haven: Yale UP, 1964]); Donald J. Chicano History! Greene, ed., Samuel Johnson: Political Writings (vol.

10 of The Yale Edition of the Works of Samuel Johnson [New Haven: Yale UP, 1977]); and the Johnson entry in The New Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature (ed. George Watson; vol. 2: 1660-1800 [Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1971]). The search must then continue through an examination of claims concerning purported Johnson contributions to the GM that have been put forward in J. Towers Service! Reading's Poems by Johnson ( TLS , 11 September 1937, p. 656); D. J. Greene's Was Johnson Theatrical Critic of the Gentleman's Magazine ? ( Review of English Studies n.s. 3 [1952]: 158-161); Benjamin Beard Hoover's Samuel Johnson's Parliamentary Reporting: Debates in the Senate of Lilliput (Berkeley: U of California P, 1953); James L. Clifford's Young Samuel Johnson (London: William Heinemann, 1955); Edward A. Bloom's Samuel Johnson in Grub Street (Providence: Brown UP, 1957); Jacob Leed's Samuel Johnson and the 'Gentleman's Magazine': An Adjustment to the Canon ( Notes and Queries 102 [1957]: 210-213), Samuel Johnson and the Gentleman's Magazine : Studies in the Canon of His Miscellaneous Prose Writings, 1738-1744 (Diss.; U of Chicago, 1958), and Two Notes on Johnson and of social security, The Gentleman's Magazine ( Papers of the Bibliographical Society of towers service, America 54 [1960]: 101-110); Donald J. Government Propaganda Essay! Greene's Some Notes on customer, Johnson and are the four, the Gentleman's Magazine ( PMLA 74 [1959]: 75-84); Gwin J. Kolb's More Attributions to Dr. Johnson ( Studies in English Literature 1500-1900 1 [1961]: 77-95); Arthur Sherbo's Samuel Johnson and The Gentleman's Magazine , 1750-1755 (in Johnsonian Studies , ed.

Magdi Wahba [Cairo: n.p., 1962]); Donald J. Greene's The Development of the Johnson Canon (in Restoration and Eighteenth-Century Literature: Essays in towers customer service, Honor of Alan Dugald McKillop , ed. Carroll Camden [Chicago: U of chicano history, Chicago P, 1963]); F. Alton Towers Customer! V. Bernard's Common and Superior Sense: A New Attribution to Johnson ( Notes and Queries n.s. 14 [1967]: 176-180) and Johnson and the Authorship of Four Debates ( PMLA 82 [1967]: 408-419); John L. Abbott's Samuel Johnson and 'The Life of Dr. Richard Mead,' Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 54 (1971): 23; Timothy Erwin's The Life of Savage , Voltaire, and a Neglected Letter ( Notes and Queries 30 [1983]: 525-526), John L. Abbott's The Making of the Johnsonian Canon in Johnson after Two Hundred Years 127-139; John A. Vance's Johnson's Historical Reviews (in Fresh Reflections on Samuel Johnson: Essays in of social, Criticism , ed. Prem Nath [Troy, New York: Whitston, 1987]); and Thomas Kaminski's brilliant work, The Early Career of alton customer service, Samuel Johnson (New York: Oxford UP, 1987), which is rich not only in new Johnson attributions but also in William Guthrie finds. Certainly one of the central issues in Johnson scholarship concerns the extent of the role played by of social security, Johnson in the GM 's printing of the parliamentary debates. I have already taken note of the haphazard manner in which the magazine re-created the debates, relying on the hit-or-miss efforts of Edward Cave and his band of spectators in the galleries to listen attentively to the speeches in alton towers customer, the chambers, take surreptitious notes when they could, and later reconstruct the gist of what Lords and Commons had said, turning out a version of the debates that was part summary, part fictionalized rhetorical flourishes. The History! Since it was very often Johnson who supplied those rhetorical flourishes, recasting the speeches to such an extent that they were more his own than their nominal authors' words, the duration of Johnson's involvement in the enterprise is of key importance in the matter of service, assigning attributions. For a long time the standard authority on Johnson's participation in the writing of the debates has been Hoover's 1953 Samuel Johnson's Parliamentary Reporting: Debates in cost, the Senate of Lilliput . Greene in Some Notes on Johnson and the Gentleman's Magazine and Bernard in Johnson and the Authorship of Four Debates (both cited above) have attributed some additional debates to Johnson, in particular claiming that Johnson's production of the debates did not cease with early 1744 but extended throughout that year.

Kaminski has added further possible Johnson contributions to the debates in his authoritative and extremely detailed Early Career of Samuel Johnson , which has displaced both Clifford's Young Samuel Johnson and Bloom's Samuel Johnson in Grub Street as the service best available account of Johnson's early career as a writer for the Magazine . In synthesizing the attributions of production curve, authorship listed in this database, I have followed Kaminski in assigning to the Scottish historian William Guthrie the parliamentary debates that appear in the GM 's volume 8 (1738), with revisions by Johnson, and alton towers customer service, likewise those in volume 9 (1739) and the beginning of volume 10 (1740), without revisions by Johnson. I have accepted Kaminski's attribution to Guthrie of several of the Essay debates printed in the middle of towers customer service, volume 10 (with revisions by Johnson), that in production curve, GM 10 (1740): 530-545 to Guthrie alone, and the opening two paragraphs of that in GM 10 (1740): 579 provisionally to Johnson. Beginning with the debate printed in GM 10 (1740): 585-592 through that in GM 14 (1744): 59-64 Johnson was clearly the sole author, as shown (in the cases of the debates in GM 10 [1740]: 585-592 and 11 [1741]: 2-13) by towers, Bernard and in what, Kaminski and as asserted for the rest of the period by Courtney and Smith in their Bibliography of Samuel Johnson and by Hoover in Samuel Johnson's Parliamentary Reporting . Johnson may also have written the debate on pay for alton towers customer service, Hanoverian troops that appeared in GM 14 (1744): 64-67 (for which see Courtney and production possibilities curve, Smith, Hoover, and Greene) and probably contributed that in GM 14 (1744): 119-125. Bernard claims the debates in GM 14 (1744): 125-137 and 175-186 for alton, Johnson as well. Greene (echoed by Bernard but vigorously disputed by Kaminski) contends that Johnson may also have written the debates printed throughout the rest of 1744. Government Propaganda! I have included those provisional attributions in the database, designating them in each case by alton towers customer, a question mark to indicate that scholarly opinion is still unresolved on those items. As for the contention put forward by Sir John Hawkins in what are the four, his Life of alton towers service, Johnson that John Hawkesworth succeeded Johnson as the job order system author of the parliamentary debates, 61 Abbott in his John Hawkesworth: Eighteenth-Century Man of Letters declares himself unable to alton decide whether to accept or reject the claim. After long review, he writes, I could come to no conclusion on the basis of internal evidence, though external evidence would seem to support Hawkesworth's claim to some of the debates. Production! 62 In light of Abbott's reservations, I have deemed Hawkins's attribution of alton towers service, some of the later parliamentary debates to Hawkesworth to be too insubstantial to warrant inclusion in the database.

Researchers should note that I have deleted from the union list 51 supposed Johnson attributions that I had included in my second GM database, items claimed as Johnson's by Arthur Sherbo in Propaganda Essay, his Samuel Johnson and The Gentleman's Magazine , 1750-1755, Johnsonian Studies , ed. Magdi Wahba (Cairo: n.p., 1962) 133-159. Professor Sherbo in his subsequent Letters to Mr. Urban of the Gentleman's Magazine , 1751-1811 , Studies in British History 44 (Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen P, 1997) 229 disclaimed the attributions to Johnson contained in his 1962 article. I have retained in the union list six other Johnson items cited in customer, the 1962 article, as they are independently attributed to Johnson in Edward A. Bloom's Samuel Johnson in Grub Street (1957), Donald Greene's Was Johnson Theatrical Critic of the Gentleman's Magazine ? Review of English Studies n.s. 3 (1952): 158-161, and chicano history, The New Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature (1971). Attributing authorship of excerpts from the newspaper press is an undertaking fraught with difficulty and especially susceptible to towers service problems of inexactitude. There is production, a world of difference, for example, between a verbatim excerpt from The Rambler , fully accepted as part of the Johnson canon, and a passage from the Weekly Miscellany , partly quoted and partly paraphrased, which was probably written by Rev. William Webster, the Weekly Miscellany 's leading spirit, but which might have been furnished by an unknown contributor. Between those two extremes lie many gradations in terms of the certainty (or lack thereof) with which one can assign authorship. The problem is compounded by the fact that eighteenth-century sources and service, modern-day scholars alike are sometimes woefully imprecise in describing the duties of various writers for the newspaper press.

Nicholas Amhurst was the author of the Craftsman , earlier press historians confidently aver, and every item bearing the the history of social signature Caleb D'anvers, the paper's fictitious editor, should be attributed to him. Nicholas Amhurst was the conductor of the Craftsman , other scholars state with more caution, leaving to their bemused readers the task of deciding exactly what the towers service word conductor means. Nicholas Amhurst was the editor or the editor and chicano history, chief writer of the Craftsman , still others write, progressively hedging their opinions even to the point of unhelpfully describing Amhurst by turns as author, conductor, and editor within the same handful of alton towers customer, pages, as if the terms were interchangeable. Some, like Simon Varey, 63 contend that since so many writers for the Craftsman used the signature Caleb D'anvers, nothing thus signed can conclusively be attributed to Nicholas Amhurst without additional corroborative evidence. As a result, researchers attempting to sort out who wrote what for the newspaper press are in many cases left to cope as best they can with various shades of the history of social security, ambiguity.

In compiling this union list, I have considered it imperative, first, to alton towers service arrive at precise guidelines to be used for inclusion or exclusion of newspaper excerpts and for determining the degree of what are the four biomolecules, certainty with which authorship can be assigned; second, to follow those guidelines with the utmost consistency; and third, to state them explicitly for the benefit of readers. Users of this database should note that in dealing with the attribution of newspaper excerpts, I have attempted throughout to err on the side of caution in separating the alton towers service certain from the tentative and, in chicano history, the case of the latter, to differentiate clearly and consistently among various degrees of probability when assigning authorship. Though some users may disagree with the wisdom of including tentative attributions and may choose simply to ignore those items, they may be assured that I have made every effort to avoid the trap of indiscriminately mingling certainty and mere guesswork in attributing authorship. In the first place, it has been necessary to determine how to treat excerpts that are condensed or summarized. As F. V. Bernard has noted, 64 Edward Cave's competitors complained constantly of his habit not only alton towers customer, of pirating but of drastically condensing excerpts from Government Propaganda Essay newspapers and journals until sometimes they were twisted out of all recognition by their authors. Cave's editorial practice of condensing material presents the problem of arriving at a standard to use in towers customer service, dealing with excerpts that are sometimes printed verbatim, sometimes printed with quoted material interspersed with editorial connective tissue, sometimes paraphrased, and sometimes simply summarized (on occasion with approving or disparaging comments by the GM included for good measure). In the GM union list I am including excerpts if they contain any verbatim material, even though passages in the history of social security, some instances are condensed. I am excluding items that are simply paraphrases or summaries. In addition, I am using the following conventions with regard to assigning authorship of newspaper excerpts: I am including excerpts from a number of newspapers in cases in which their authorship is a certainty or highly likely: The Adventurer : 13 John Hawkesworth and 3 Samuel Johnson excerpts (all accepted items in towers customer, the Hawkesworth and Johnson canon) plus one Adventurer item that has been provisionally but convincingly attributed to Bonnell Thornton Auditor : 15 Arthur Murphy excerpts (all accepted items in curve, the Murphy canon) Briton : 17 Tobias Smollett excerpts (all accepted items in the Smollett canon) Champion : two James Ralph excerpts signed Lilbourne and generally acknowledged as Ralph's Common Sense : 13 Chesterfield excerpts (accepted items in the Chesterfield canon) Connoisseur : some dozen excerpts jointly written by alton service, George Colman the Elder and Bonnell Thornton and one written by John Boyle, 5th Earl of Orrery (authoritatively attributed to their authors in Alexander Chalmers's Historical and Biographical Preface to The Connoisseur 65 ) Corn-Cutter's Journal : four items provisionally attributed to Rev.

John Henley, who is thought to have been the chief writer of that newspaper. Covent-Garden Journal : some dozen Henry Fielding excerpts (all accepted items in the Fielding canon) Craftsman : 48 Bolingbroke items (including excerpts from his Remarks on in what ways did louis, the History of England and his Dissertation upon Parties ); 36 probable Henry Fielding excerpts, convincingly attributed to him by alton towers service, Martin Battestin; 3 tentative Samuel Strutt items; and 2 George Lyttelton items; as well as 3 items tentatively attributed to William Pulteney and what are the four biomolecules, 111 items tentatively attributed to Nicholas Amhurst by Simon Varey 66 Daily Gazetteer : two known William Horsley items Drury-Lane Journal : one excerpt by Bonnell Thornton Englishman : one W. Prynne item which formed part of towers, one of the only two issues in the run of the Englishman , conducted by Prynne) Fog's Journal : three Chesterfield item Gray's Inn Journal : several Arthur Murphy excerpts (all accepted items in the Murphy canon) Hyp-Doctor : approximately a dozen excerpts attributed to John Henley, the acknowledged author of that paper The Idler : 25 Samuel Johnson excerpts (all accepted items in the Johnson canon) and one excerpt that has been conclusively attributed to Bennet Langton The Inspector : several excerpts from chicano history Dr. John Hill, the known author of that paper Jacobite's Journal : some 16 Henry Fielding excerpts (all accepted items in the Fielding canon) Nonsense of Common-Sense : one item attributed to Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, the author of that short-lived newspaper North Briton : 11 John Wilkes excerpts, one Charles Churchill excerpt, and one piece by William Temple of Trowbridge (all attributed conclusively) Prompter : 20 items by Aaron Hill and 22 items by William Popple, as well as 11 items provisionally attributed to Aaron Hill The Rambler : 24 Samuel Johnson excerpts (all accepted items in the Johnson canon) True Patriot : several Henry Fielding excerpts (all accepted items in alton service, the Fielding canon) Universal Spectator : one Fielding excerpt provisionally attributed to possibilities Fielding by Martin Battestin World : several dozen attributions to Edward Moore, Chesterfield, and others (identified in the collected issues of the World issued as part of Alexander Chalmers's British Essayists ) In the case of five newspapers, I am including tentative attributions of authorship for items signed with a pseudonym that is generally associated with a particular writer: Daily Courant : several Ralph Courteville items signed Freeman or R. Freeman Daily Gazetteer : over twenty James Pitt items signed F. Osborne, some five William Arnall items signed F. Walsingham, and fifteen Ralph Courteville items signed R. Freeman Free Briton : two William Arnall items signed F. Customer! Walsingham Grub-Street Journal : various Richard Russel items signed Maevius and Propaganda Essay, contributions by alton service, either Russel or John Martyn signed Bavius 67 London Journal : nine Ralph Courteville items signed R. Cost! Freeman and some two dozen James Pitt items signed F. Osborne In three cases in which a newspaper was conducted by one or two persons known to have been the alton principal author or authors, I am including excerpts from that newspaper but attributing them tentatively: Old England: or the Constitutional Journal : dozens of items which I am including with the following provisional attribution: William Guthrie [?] or James Ralph [?] (or others) Read's Journal : over a dozen items which I am provisionally attributing to Richard Burridge, ascribing their authorship to of social Richard Burridge [?] (or others) Weekly Miscellany : over towers customer service, a hundred items which I am provisionally attributing to Rev. William Webster, ascribing their authorship to Rev. William Webster [?] (or others). The Old England Journal presents special difficulties, as the tenure of its conductors has never been determined satisfactorily. William Guthrie and James Ralph were the co-editors and principal, perhaps exclusive, authors of the Old England Journal , which they conducted under the pseudonym of Jeffrey Broadbottom. The Old England , founded by Chesterfield to be the chief mouthpiece of the Broad-Bottom Opposition to the Carteret ministry, was left in limbo when Chesterfield and his fellow Broad-Bottom politicians joined the government in late 1744 upon Government Propaganda, Carteret's retirement and withdrew their support for the paper. 68 Despite the fact that Guthrie was given a pension by the new regime in January 1745, the Old England in service, its 2 February 1745 issue fired a warning shot, declaring that unless the new ministers pursued new policies, the Old England Journal would then attack them with the ferocity that had characterized the security dismemberment of the metamorphosed Actaeon by his dogs.

69 When the regime failed to alter its policies, the alton service Old England did indeed become a furious critic of the administration. 70 As the GM , drawing extensively from the Old England 's own account, summarized the paper's volte-face : While the chicano history exact date of Guthrie's and Ralph's departure is uncertain, the alton 4 October 1746 issue of Old England (no. 179) suggests that the of social security two men continued to edit and serve as principal writers for the paper until just prior to that date. Certainly as of the 4 October 1746 issue a new editor had assumed command, one Argus Centoculi, whose identity has never been established. 72. In the case of the Weekly Miscellany , the problem lies not in determining when its editor resigned but when he ceased to be assisted by others in writing material for alton towers customer, the journal. Are The! Rev. William Webster, a High-Church divine, was clearly the principal author of the Weekly Miscellany , conducting business under the fictitious name of Richard Hooker, of the Temple, the newspaper's supposed editor. Alton Customer Service! It was Webster who established the paper's rabidly anti-Dissenter, anti-Methodist, and anti-Catholic character, dedicating the Weekly Miscellany so exclusively to the history of social security religious and moral topics that it came to customer service be known as Old Mother Hooker's Journal. Though he was assisted in the beginning of the undertaking by several other contributors, he notes in the final issue of the job order Weekly Miscellany (27 June 1741) that those writers gradually withdrew their assistance, as did the booksellers he had originally engaged as backers, so that eventually he was left the sole prop of the enterprise, to his own financial loss.

As it is unclear at what point Webster's occasional contributors ceased to provide materials for the paper, I am taking the precaution of attributing all but the last of the Weekly Miscellany excerpts printed in towers customer service, the GM to Rev. William Webster [?] (or others). Except for specific items the possibilities authors of which have been independently identified, I am not including attributions of authorship for excerpts from newspapers that utilized a staff of unidentified writers. Those newspapers include the Champion and the Universal Spectator . Though James Ralph became the editor and leading writer for the Champion after the withdrawal of Henry Fielding in early 1741, it has so far proved impossible to determine the authorship of articles published during 1742-44, the period during which the alton customer GM published excerpts from the newspaper. As for the Universal Spectator , though originally edited by production possibilities curve, Henry Baker under the name Henry Stonecastle, the Universal Spectator was in fact written by a team of contributors.

Others besides Baker apparently used the pseudonym Stonecastle, as items bearing that signature appear as late as 1741, while Baker seems to have written no articles for the Universal Spectator after 19 May 1733. 73. A careful count of alton service, all of the letters, articles, reviews, poems, and other items in Attributions of in what the arts, Authorship in the Gentleman's Magazine , 1731-1868: An Electronic Union List , reveals the following incidence of attributions: The greatest incidence of identification of authors comes from the period beginning with volume 53 (1783), the first volume for which John Bowyer Nichols and others in service, his family began a systematic attempt to record contributors to the GM , through 1856, the system year the Nichols family sold the magazine. Determined efforts by numerous scholars have nevertheless identified the alton service authors of 10,428 items from the period of 1731-1800, with the production possibilities other 15,157 attributions dating from the years 1801-68. There would be far fewer identifications of contributors to the GM 's eighteenth-century volumes were it not for the fact that Richard Gough, the GM 's single most prolific contributor, bequeathed his marked copies of the GM to John Nichols after the fire in alton customer service, 1808, with the result that his own multitudinous reviews, articles, and letters found their way into the Nichols File, though sometimes in Government Propaganda Essay, a maddeningly ambiguous way. Because Attributions of Authorship in the Gentleman's Magazine , 1731-1868: An Electronic Union List is an Internet database, it is of course fully searchable electronically by volume number, page number, date, title, author, pseudonym, and key word. As noted above, I have interpolated explanatory words or phrases as needed to facilitate key-word searches. However, readers conducting key-word searches should be aware that I have strictly preserved quirks of original spelling, punctuation, and capitalization in listing titles of articles and of books reviewed in alton service, the Gentleman's Magazine . The Union List is also designed to be fully and easily browsable.

Users who choose simply to read the text will find that it is divided, as stated earlier, into four sections, the Introduction, a Chronological Listing, a Synopsis by Contributor, and an Index of Pseudonyms and Initials. The Chronological Listing is exactly what the name implies, a chronological sequence of all of the the history of social 25,585 known attributions of authorship in the Gentleman's Magazine , beginning with the earliest attribution (a paper by Henry St. John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, excerpted from the Craftsman and reprinted in GM 1 [1731]: 3) and ending with the last (a letter from towers service Bernard Bolingbroke Woodward, librarian in ordinary to Queen Victoria, in GM 224 [1868]: 661). Each item in the Chronological Listing contains the volume number, year, and page number followed by the item in question, the author's name (listed in bold type for ease of viewing), the source of or authority for Propaganda Essay, the attribution, and the original signature appended to the item (if there is one). Each item in the Chronological Listing bears one of the following designations: L: letter to alton customer service Sylvanus Urban (the GM 's fictitious editor) A: article R: review V: poetry O: obituary P: plate S: staff item of editorial content. The Synopsis by Contributor consists of a listing of all of the approximately 2,362 contributors known to have written items printed in the GM , arranged alphabetically by author and providing in each entry the production possibilities curve fullest possible version of the alton author's name, the author's birth and death dates (when available), and job order system, a succinct description of the service author's occupation (antiquary and topographer, schoolmaster, divine and historian, etc.) if known, followed by a complete listing by volume, date, and page numbers of the Government Propaganda author's contributions to the GM set forth earlier in the Chronological Listing. Volume numbers in the Synopsis by Contributor are listed in bold type for ease of use. The Synopsis by towers, Contributor is thus designed to be an alphabetical cross reference to the entries that appear in the Chronological Listing. Users of the Synopsis by Contributor should be aware of an important caveat involving the problem of whether or not to assign to an author a number of items which seem to have been written by job order cost, the same person but which have been attributed to him (by authority of towers service, whatever source) under slightly different versions of his name. That difficulty occurs especially in instances of certain contributors who were originally listed in Kuist's Nichols File by surname only.

Obviously in some cases the members of the Nichols family who produced the marginal annotations used by Kuist did not know a given contributor's full name, whereas in other cases the annotators probably considered a contributor so well known that they did not bother to write his full name into their copy of the GM . Since Kuist made a conscious effort to print the attributions of authorship exactly as they are written in the staff copy, in some cases items by a single contributor appear in Kuist under multiple authorial entries, a fact that can lead users of the printed version of Kuist's Nichols File to the erroneous conclusion that the items in chicano history, question were written by more than one person. Alton Towers Customer! For example, contributions by Rev. William Charles Dyer appear in Kuist's Nichols File under two separate headings, that of Mr. What! Dyer and that of alton towers customer, Rev. Mr. Dyer. Whether deriving my information from Kuist or from any other source, in cases in which I have been able to determine that such items were in chicano history, fact by service, the same contributor, I have merged the lists. In cases in which there is insufficient proof to be sure of that assumption, I have continued to list the items under separate authorial headings, believing that caution is essential in such instances.

Separate listing of contributors should not, however, preclude the chicano history possibility that the contributions in question are by one and the same person. The Index of Pseudonyms and Initials provides an additional way for users of the towers service database to search for authors. Though in many cases attributable items in the Gentleman's Magazine bear no signatures at all, tremendous numbers of others are signed in ways designed to conceal the identity of the contributor. Scholars familiar with eighteenth- and nineteenth-century periodicals know that in what four, some cases contributors wrote simultaneously for several magazines or reviews and that occasionally they signed their work in various publications with the same pseudonyms. In order to assist researchers investigating other facets of the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century British periodical press, I have provided for easy reference an index of pseudonyms and initials used by known contributors to the GM , dividing it for convenience into four parts. Part I, pseudonyms exclusive of symbols and Greek characters, I have arranged alphabetically by towers service, the first letter of the word or phrase (other than articles) used in the signature. Part II, signatures in the history of social, the form of initials (exclusive of Greek characters), requires a different system of determining sequence, since in many cases the letters used as signatures are simply the initials of the authors' own names. Alton! Therefore I have followed the method used in are the biomolecules, Kuist's Nichols File of towers customer service, alphabetizing sets of initials first according to the terminal letter in the history security, each signature and then in sequence according to the letters that precede it. Thus the entries for the letter A begin as follows: A., A.A., E.A., F.B.A., F.R.A., F.S.A., G.A., G.E.A., J.A., J.P.A., J.Y.A., etc.

Part III (pseudonyms and initials using Greek characters) begins with a list in alphabetical order of the signatures using Greek words or phrases followed by the handful of customer, signatures consisting of Greek initials, the latter (like the chicano history entries in Part II) listed sequentially according to terminal letters. Alton Service! Part IV contains a very short list of signatures consisting of symbols, mainly patterns of asterisks. Most of the pseudonyms or sets of chicano history, initials were used only customer, once or twice by any one particular contributor, while some of in what ways the arts, them (especially generic terms such as An Old Correspondent, An Observer, or Clericus) were used by more than one author. To distinguish between signatures used rarely and those used frequently by any given contributor, I have arbitrarily designated as recurrent any signature that was used five or more times by the same person. Short titles used in the database are given below, followed by a list of other works consulted:

Abbott, John Lawrence. Samuel Johnson and 'The Life of alton service, Dr. Richard Mead.' Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 54 (1971): 12-27. -------. John Hawkesworth: Eighteenth-Century Man of Letters . Madison: U of ways did louis the arts, Wisconsin P, 1982. -------. The Making of the Johnsonian Canon. Johnson after Two Hundred Years . Ed. Paul J. Korshin. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1986. 127-139.

Ackerman, Robert W., and Gretchen P. Towers Customer Service! Ackerman. Sir Frederic Madden: A Biographical Sketch and Bibliography . New York: Garland, 1979. Alumni Cantabrigienses . Chicano History! Ed. John Venn and J. A. Alton Towers Service! Venn. 10 vols.

Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1922-54. Alumni Oxonienses: The Members of the University of Oxford, 1500-1714. Ed. Joseph Foster. 4 vols. Government Essay! London, 1891-92. Alumni Oxonienses: The Members of the University of alton towers customer, Oxford, 1715-1886 . Ed. System! Joseph Foster. Alton Service! 4 vols.

London, 1887-88. Appleton, William W., and Kalman A. Burnim, eds. The Prompter: A Theatrical Paper (1734- 1736) by the history security, Aaron Hill and William Popple . New York: Benjamin Bloom, 1966. Banerji, Hiran Kumar. Towers Customer! Henry Fielding: Playwright, Journalist, and Master of the what four Art of Fiction: His Life and alton towers service, Works . New York: Russell Russell, 1962.

Bate, W. J., and John M. Bullitt. Introduction to The Idler . The Idler and The Adventurer. Vol. 2 of The Yale Edition of the Works of Samuel Johnson . New Haven: Yale UP, 1963. xv-xxviii. Bate, W. J., and Albrecht B. Strauss.

Introduction to security The Rambler . Vol. 3 of The Yale Edition of the towers customer service Works of Samuel Johnson . New Haven: Yale UP, 1969. xxi-xlii. Battestin, Martin C., and Ruthe R. Battestin. Henry Fielding: A Life . London: Routledge, 1989. Battestin, Martin C. New Essays by Henry Fielding: His Contributions to the Craftsman (1734-1739) and Other Early Journalism, With a Stylometric Analysis by Michael G. Farringdon . Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 1989.

Bernard, F. V. Common and Superior Sense: A New Attribution to of social Johnson. Notes and Queries n.s. 14 (1967): 176-180. -------. Alton Customer! Johnson and the Authorship of Four Debates. PMLA (Publications of the Modern Language Association of America) 82 (1967): 408-419.

Bertelsen, Lance. Have At You All: or, Bonnell Thornton's Journalism. Huntington Library Quarterly 44 (1981): 263-282. Baker, David Erskine, et al. Ways The Arts! Biographia Dramatica . 3 vols. London, 1812. Biography Database 1680-1830 . Towers Customer Service! Ed. J. Cannon and cost, F. Robinson. CD-ROM.

3 discs. Newcastle upon Tyne: Romulus P, 1995-2000. Black, Jeremy. The English Press in the Eighteenth Century . Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1987. Bloom, Edward A. Alton Customer Service! Samuel Johnson in Grub Street . Production Possibilities Curve! Providence: Brown UP, 1957. British Museum.

General Catalogue of alton service, Printed Books . 263 vols. Photolithographic ed. to the history of social 1955. London: Trustees of the British Museum, 1959-66. Bond, Donald F. The Gentleman's Magazine. Modern Philology 38 (1940): 85-100. Bowles, William Lisle. The Poetical Works of William Lisle Bowles . 2 vols.

Edinburgh, 1855. Brett-James, Norman G. The Life of Peter Collinson, F.R.S., F.S.A. London: published for the author by Edgar G. Dunstan, [1926]. Brewster, Dorothy. Aaron Hill: Poet, Dramatist, Projector . New York: Columbia UP, 1913. Bronson, Bertrand H. Joseph Ritson, Scholar-at-Arms . 2 vols. Berkeley: U of California P, 1938.

Burke's Peerage and Baronetage . 105th ed. London: Burke's Peerage Ltd, 1970. Carlson, C. Lennart. The First Magazine: A History of the alton towers customer Gentleman's Magazine. Providence: Brown UP, 1938. Carnie, Robert Hay. Lord Hailes's Contributions to Contemporary Magazines. Studies in Bibliography 9 (1957): 233-244. Caskey, John Homer. What Are The Four! The Life and Works of Edward Moore . Yale Studies in English 75.

Ed. Albert S. Cook. New Haven: Yale UP, 1927. Chalmers, Alexander. The British Essayists: with Prefaces, Historical and Biographical . 38 vols. Towers Customer! Boston: Little, Brown, 1856-66. Clifford, James L. Young Samuel Johnson . Production Curve! London: William Heinemann, 1955. -------. Johnson and Lauder. Philological Quarterly 54 (1975): 342-356.

Cole, Richard C. Recovering William James (fl. 1785-1797), English Writer. ELN: English Language Notes 36 (1999): 64-78. -------. William Tasker Revisited. Notes and Queries n.s. 46 (1999): 365-368. Courtney, William Prideaux, with David Nichol Smith. A Bibliography of towers service, Samuel Johnson . Oxford Historical and Literary Studies 4. Ed. Propaganda! C. H. Firth and towers service, Walter Raleigh. Cost! Oxford: Clarendon P, 1915.

Fielding, Henry. The Covent-Garden Journal and A Plan of the Universal Register-Office . Ed. Bertrand A. Goldgar. Middleton, CN: Wesleyan UP, 1988. The Craftsman. By Caleb D'Anvers, of Gray's-Inn, Esq . [a reprint, omitting some numbers, of the Craftsman , 5 Dec. Customer Service! 1726-17 Apr. 1736]. 14 vols. Government Essay! London, 1731-37.

Dictionary of American Biography . Customer! 1929 ed. Davis, Bertram H. A Proof of Eminence: The Life of Sir John Hawkins . Propaganda Essay! Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1973. de Montluzin, Emily Lorraine. The Anti-Jacobins, 1798-1800: The Early Contributors to the Anti-Jacobin Review. London: Macmillan, 1988. -----.

Attributions of Authorship in alton, the British Critic during the Editorial Regime of Robert Nares, 1793-1813. Studies in Bibliography 51 (1998): 241-258. -----. Topographical, Antiquarian, Astronomical, and Meteorological Contributions by George Smith of chicano history, Wigton in the Gentleman's Magazine , 1735-59. ANQ 14 (2001): 5-12. Dictionary of National Biography . 1908-1909 ed. Burke, Bernard. A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire . London, 1883. English Catalogue of Books . . . Towers Service! , 1801-1836 . Ed. Robert Alexander Peddie and Quintin Waddington. London: Publishers Circular, n.d.

Erwin, Timothy. The Life of in what ways did louis xiv support, Savage , Voltaire, and customer, a Neglected Letter. Notes and Queries n.s. 30 (1983): 525-526. Fairer, David. What! Authorship Problems in The Adventurer . Review of English Studies 25 (1974): 137-151. Fleeman, J. Customer! D. A Bibliography of the Works of Samuel Johnson; Treating his published works from the beginnings to 1984 . Prepared for publication by James McLaverty.

2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon P, 2000. Foster, Gretchen M. Job Order! Pope Versus Dryden: A Controversy in Letters to The Gentleman's Magazine , 1789-1791 . Alton Towers Customer! English Literary Studies 44. Ed. Samuel L. Macey. Victoria: U of Victoria, 1989. Smollett, Tobias.

Poems, Plays, and The Briton. Ed. Byron Gassman and O. M. Brack, Jr. Athens: U of Georgia P, 1993. Goldgar, Bertrand A. Fielding, Sir William Yonge, and in what, the 'Grub-Street Journal.' Notes and Queries n.s. 19 (1972): 226-227. -------. Pope and the Grub-street Journal . Modern Philology 74 (1976-77): 366-380. Grace, Matthew.

Introduction. Alton Towers! The Lives of Henry Fielding and Samuel Johnson together with Essays from The Gray's Inn Journal. By Arthur Murphy. Gainesville, FL: Scholars' Facsimiles Reprints, 1968. vii-xxiii. Gray, Charles Harold. Are The Four Biomolecules! Theatrical Criticism in London to 1795 . Columbia University Studies in English and Comparative Literature. New York: Columbia UP, 1931. Green, Boylston. Possible Additions to the Johnson Canon. Yale University Library Gazette 16 (1942): 70-79. Greene, D[onald] J. Was Johnson Theatrical Critic of the Gentleman's Magazine ? Review of English Studies n.s.

3 (1952): 158-161. -------. Some Notes on Johnson and the Gentleman's Magazine . PMLA (Publications of the Modern Language Association of customer service, America) 74 (1959): 75-84. -------. What Four Biomolecules! The Development of the Johnson Canon. Restoration and alton customer, Eighteenth-Century Literature: Essays in production possibilities, Honor of Alan Dugald McKillop . Ed. Carroll Camden. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1963. 407-427. -------.

Johnsonian Attributions by Alexander Chalmers. Notes and Queries n.s. 14 (1967): 180-181. Greene, Donald J., ed. Samuel Johnson: Political Writings . Vol. 10 of The Yale Edition of the Works of Samuel Johnson . New Haven: Yale UP, 1977. Griffith, Philip Mahone.

The Authorship of the towers service Papers Signed 'A' in Hawkesworth's Adventurer : A Stronger Case for chicano history, Dr. Richard Bathurst. Tulane Studies in English 12 (1962): 63-70. -------. 'A Truly Elegant Work': The Contemporary Reputation of Hawkesworth's Adventurer . The Dress of Words: Essays on Restoration and Eighteenth Century Literature in Honor of Richmond P. Bond . Ed. Robert B. White. Lawrence: U of Kansas P, 1978. Service! 199-208. Haig, Robert L. The Gazetteer, 1735-1797: A Study in the Eighteenth-Century English Newspaper . Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1960. Halkett, Samuel, and John Laing. Dictionary of Anonymous and Pseudonymous English Literature . Rev.ed. Ed.

James Kennedy, et al. 9 vols. Edinburgh: Oliver Boyd, 1926-62. Harris, Michael. London Newspapers in the Age of Walpole: A Study of the Origins of the Modern English Press . Cranbury, NJ: Associated UP, 1987. Harris, Robert. A Patriot Press: National Politics and the London Press in in what ways xiv support the arts, the 1740s . Alton Service! Oxford: Clarendon P, 1993. Hart, Edward. An Ingenious Editor: John Nichols and the Gentleman's Magazine . Bucknell Review 10 (1962): 232-242.

Hart, Edward L., ed. Minor Lives: A Collection of Biographies by cost, John Nichols . Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1971. Headley, Henry. Poems and Other Pieces . Alton Towers Service! London, 1786. Hillhouse, James T. The Grub-street Journal. Durham: Duke UP, 1928. Holt-White, Rashleigh. The Life and Letters of Gilbert White of Selborne . 2 vols. New York: Dutton, 1901.

Hoover, Benjamin Beard. Samuel Johnson's Parliamentary Reporting: Debates in job order cost, the Senate of Lilliput . Berkeley: U of customer, California P, 1953. Nichols, John. Illustrations of the Literary History of the Eighteenth Century . 8 vols. London, 1817-1858. General Index to the Gentleman's Magazine from the Year 1787 to 1818 . London, 1821. Fielding, Henry. The Jacobite's Journal and Related Writings . Ed. W. B. Coley. [Middletown, CN]: Wesleyan UP, 1975.

Jones, Claude E. Charles Woodmason as a Poet. South Carolina Historical Magazine 59 (1958): 189-194. Kaminski, Thomas. The Early Career of Samuel Johnson . New York: Oxford UP, 1987. Kolb, Gwin J. More Attributions to Dr. Chicano History! Johnson. Studies in English Literature 1500- 1900 . 1 (1961): 77-95. Kuist, James Marquis. Towers Customer! The Gentleman's Magazine , 1754-1800: A Study of Its Development as a Vehicle for the Discussion of the history of social security, Literature. Diss. Duke U, 1965.

-------. The Works of John Nichols: An Introduction . New York: AMS, 1968. -------. The Gentleman's Magazine in the Folger Library: The History and Significance of the Nichols Family Collection. Studies in Bibliography 29 (1976): 307-322.

-------. 'What, does she still adorn this dreary scene?' Nichols' Problems with Obituary Notices in The Gentleman's Magazine . Eighteenth-Century Life 4 (1978): 76-78. -------. The Nichols File of The Gentleman's Magazine : Attributions of Authorship and Other Documentation in Editorial Papers at the Folger Library . Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1982. -------. A Collaboration in Learning: The Gentleman's Magazine and Its Ingenious Contributors. Studies in Bibliography 44 (1991): 302-317. Lacy, Michael. Unpublished research. Lams, Victor J., Jr.

The 'A' Papers in the Adventurer : Bonnell Thornton, not Dr. Bathurst, Their Author. Studies in Philology 64 (1967): 83-96. Leed, Jacob. Two New Pieces by Johnson in the Gentleman's Magazine ? Modern Philology 54 (1957): 221-229. -------. Samuel Johnson and the 'Gentleman's Magazine': An Adjustment to the Canon. Notes and Queries 102 (1957): 210-213.

-------. Samuel Johnson and towers, the Gentleman's Magazine : Studies in the Canon of His Miscellaneous Prose Writings, 1738-1744. Diss. Chicago, 1958. -------. Two Notes on Johnson and The Gentleman's Magazine . Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 54 (1960): 101-110.

Records of the Honorable Society of Lincoln's Inn . Part A. Government Essay! Admissions . Ed. Customer Service! W. Chicano History! P. Baildon. 2 vols. Alton Towers! London, 1896. Nichols, John. Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth Century . 9 vols. London, 1812-15.

McAdam, E. L., Jr. New Essays by Dr. Johnson. Review of English Studies 18 (1942): 197-207. McAdam, E. L., Jr., and George Milne, eds. Samuel Johnson: Poems . Vol. 6 of The Yale Edition of the Works of Samuel Johnson . New Haven: Yale UP, 1964. Marcuse, Michael J. The Gentleman's Magazine and the Lauder/Milton Controversy. Bulletin of Research in the Humanities 81 (1978): 179-209.

Maty, Matthew, ed. Miscellaneous Works of the late Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield. . . . Chicano History! To which are prefixed, Memoirs of his Life. . . Alton Service! . By M. Maty, M.D. 2 vols. London, 1777. Michel, Francisque. Biblioth#x00E8;que Anglo-Saxonne . Paris, 1837. Monkman, Kenneth.

Did Sterne Contrive to Publish a 'Sermon' in 1738? The Shandean: An Annual Devoted to Laurence Sterne and His Works . 4 (1992): 111-133. New Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature . Ed. What Biomolecules! George Watson and I. R. Towers Customer Service! Willison. 5 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1969-77. Nobbe, George. The North Briton : A Study in Political Propaganda . Of Social! New York: Columbia UP, 1939. National Union Catalog Pre-1956 Imprints . London: Mansell, 1968-81.

Osborn, James M. Dr. Johnson's 'Intimate Friend.' TLS (Times Literary Supplement) , 9 October 1953, p. 652. Pailler, Albert. Edward Cave et le Gentleman's Magazine (1731-1754) . 2 vols. Lille: Atelier Reproduction des Theses, 1975. Park, James Allan. Memoirs of William Stevens, Esq. Treasurer of Queen Anne's Bounty . Alton Customer Service! 4th ed.

London, 1825. Pepper, Robert D. Gilbert White and the 'Gentleman's Magazine.' TLS (Times Literary Supplement) , 31 March-6 April 1989, p. 339. -------. Gilbert White's Tiny Mouse: A Sceptical Objection in 1789. Notes and Queries n.s. 37 (1990): 315-317. Pettit, Alexander. The Grub-street Journal and chicano history, the Politics of Anachronism. Philological Quarterly 69 (1990): 435-451.

Pitcher, Edward W. R. Discoveries in Periodicals, 1720-1820: Facts and Fictions . Studies in British and American Magazines 7. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen P, 2000. -------. The Lady's Monthly Museum First Series : 1798-1806: An Annotated Index of Signatures and towers customer service, Ascriptions . Studies in did louis xiv support, British and American Magazines 2. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen P, 2000. Polwhele, Richard. Traditions and Recollections . 2 vols.

London, 1826. Powell, L. F. Introduction to The Adventurer . Towers! The Idler and The Adventurer. Possibilities! Vol. 2 of The Yale Edition of the Works of customer service, Samuel Johnson . New Haven: Yale UP, 1963. 323-338.

Nichols, John. Preface. General Index to the Gentleman's Magazine from the Year 1787 to 1818 . London, 1821. Ram, Titia. Magnitude in Marginality: Edward Cave and The Gentleman's Magazine , 1731-1754, Containing a First-Line Index of all the Poems, With Notes and References on Authorship . N.p.: Gottmann Fainsilber Katz, 1999. Johnson, Samuel. The Rambler . Job Order System! Vols. 3-5 of The Yale Edition of the alton towers service Works of Samuel Johnson . Ed. W. J. Bate and Albrecht B. Strauss.

New Haven: Yale UP, 1969. Reading, J. Poems by Johnson. TLS (Times Literary Supplement) , 11 September 1937, p. In What Did Louis Xiv Support! 656. Reiman, Donald H. The Romantics Reviewed: Contemporary Reviews of British Romantic Writers . 9 vols. New York: Garland, 1972. Rollins, Hyder Edward, ed., The Keats Circle . Towers! 2nd ed. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1965. Russell, Norma. A Bibliography of of social, William Cowper to 1837 . Oxford: Oxford UP, 1963. Shawcross, John T. Milton in the Gentleman's Magazine : A Correction to alton customer service de Montluzin. Studies in possibilities, Bibliography 51 (1998): 274.

Shellabarger, Samuel. Lord Chesterfield and His World . 1951. Alton Towers Customer! New York: Biblo and Tannen, 1971. Sherbo, Arthur. Two Additions to the Johnson Canon. Journal of English and Germanic Philology 52 (1953): 543-548. -------. English Sentimental Drama . Four! East Lansing: Michigan State UP, 1957.

-------. Samuel Johnson and The Gentleman's Magazine , 1750-1755. Alton Customer! Johnsonian Studies . Ed. Magdi Wahba. Cairo: n.p., 1962. Chicano History! 133-159. Sherbo, Arthur, ed. New Essays by alton towers customer, Arthur Murphy . N.P.: Michigan State UP, 1963.

Sherbo, Arthur. From the Gentleman's Magazine : Graves, Shenstone, Swift, Warton, Prior, Byron, Beckford. Studies in Bibliography 35 (1982): 285-305. -------. John Coleridge and the Gentleman's Magazine . Bulletin of Research in the Humanities 86 (1983): 86-93. -------. What Four! Additions to the Nichols File of the Gentleman's Magazine . Studies in Bibliography 37 (1984): 228-233. -------.

The English weather, The Gentleman's Magazine , and the brothers White. Archives of Natural History 12 (1985): 23-29. -------. More from the Gentleman's Magazine : Graves, Mainwaring, Wren, Sterne, Pope, Bubb Dodington, Goldsmith, Hill, Herrick, Cowper, Chatterton. Studies in Bibliography 40 (1987): 164-174. -------. The Earliest (?) Critic of the Ireland Shakespeare Forgeries.

Notes and Queries n.s. 35 (1988): 498-500. -------. Further Additions to the Nichols File of the Gentleman's Magazine . Alton Towers Customer Service! Studies in Bibliography 42 (1989): 249-254. -------. Nil Nisi Bonum : Samuel Johnson in chicano history, the Gentleman's Magazine , 1785- 1800. College Literature 16 (1989): 168-181.

-------. The Achievement of George Steevens . Customer! New York: Peter Lang, 1990. -------. The History Of Social Security! Thomas Martyn (1735-1825), 'P.B.C.': his contributions to the Gentleman's Magazine . Archives of Natural History 22 (1995): 51-59. -------. Letters to Mr. Urban of the Gentleman's Magazine , 1751-1811 . Studies in British History 44. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen P, 1997.

-------. William Hamilton Reid (fl. 1786-1824): A Forgotten Poet. Studies in Scottish Literature 29 (1997): 245-257. Sherbo, Arthur, and Isobel Grundy. A 'Spurious' Poem by Lady Mary Wortley Montagu? Notes and Queries 27 (1980): 407-410. Sherbo, Arthur. Unpublished research. Smith, Joseph.

A Descriptive Catalogue of Friends' Books, or Books Written by Members of the service Society of Friends, Commonly Called Quakers . 2 vols. and job order system, supplement. London, 1867-1893. Smith, Marion B. South Carolina and The Gentleman's Magazine . South Carolina Historical Magazine 95 (1994): 102-129. Spector, Robert Donald. English Literary Periodicals and the Climate of alton towers service, Opinion during the Seven Years' War . The Hague: Mouton Co., 1966. Strout, Alan Lang. A Bibliography of Articles in curve, Blackwood's Magazine, 1817-1825 . Library Bulletin , no. 5. Towers! Lubbock: Texas Technological College, 1959. Sullivan, Alvin, ed. British Literary Magazines: The Augustan Age and the Age of Johnson, 1698-1788 . Historical Guides to the World's Periodicals and Newspapers.

Westport, CN: Greenwood P, 1983. Sutherland, W. O. Possibilities! S., Jr. Essay Forms in the Prompter . Studies in the Early English Periodical . Ed. Richmond P. Bond. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1957. 135- 49. Swift, Jonathan. The Poems of Jonathan Swift . Ed. Alton Towers Service! Harold Williams.

2nd ed. 3 vols. Ways! Oxford: Clarendon P, 1958. Thomas, Peter D. G. John Wilkes: A Friend to Liberty . Customer Service! Oxford: Clarendon P, 1996. Tierney, James E. Edmund Burke, John Hawkesworth, the Annual Register , and in what ways did louis the arts, the Gentleman's Magazine . Alton Towers Service! Huntington Library Quarterly 42 (1978): 57-72.

Todd, William B. A Bibliographical Account of The Gentleman's Magazine , 1731-1754. Studies in Bibliography 18 (1965): 81-93. Fielding, Henry. The True Patriot and Related Writings . Ed. W. B. Coley. [Middletown, CN]: Wesleyan UP, 1987.

Vance, John A. Joseph and Thomas Warton . Boston: G. K. Job Order Cost! Hall, 1983. -------. Alton! Johnson's Historical Reviews. Fresh Reflections on Samuel Johnson: Essays in Criticism . Ed. Prem Nath.

Troy, New York: Whitston, 1987. 63-84. Varey, Simon, ed. Lord Bolingbroke: Contributions to the Craftsman. Oxford: Clarendon P, 1982. Varey, Simon. The Craftsman. Prose Studies 16 (1993): 58-77.

Watson, Melvin R. Magazine Serials and the Essay Tradition 1746-1820 . Louisiana State University Studies. Ed. Richard J. Russell. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1956. Watt, Robert. Bibliotheca Britannica . Edinburgh, 1824. -------. Dr. Johnson and Dr.

Hawkesworth: A Literary Friendship. The History! New Rambler: Journal of the Johnson Society of London 111 (1971): 2-21. -------. Dr. Johnson and the Amazons. Philological Quarterly 44 (1965): 484-495. -------. Dr. Johnson and the Making of 'The Life of Father Paul Sarpi.' Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester 48 (1966): 255-267. -------.

John Hawkesworth: Friend of Samuel Johnson and Editor of Captain Cook's Voyages and of the Gentleman's Magazine . Eighteenth Century Studies 3 (1970): 339-350. -------. No 'Dialect of France': Samuel Johnson's Translations from the French. University of Toronto Quarterly 36 (1967): 129-140. -------. Samuel Johnson, John Hawkesworth, and the rise of the Gentleman's magazine [ sic ], 1738-1773.

Vol. 1 of Transactions of the Fourth International Congress on the Enlightenment . Comprising vol. Alton Towers Service! 151 of production possibilities, Studies on alton, Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century . Ed. Theodore Besterman. Oxford: Voltaire Foundation, 1976.

31-46. -------. Samuel Johnson's 'A Panegyric on Dr. Possibilities! Morin.' Romance Notes 8 (1966): 55-57. -------. New Evidence on the Pamphilus Letters. Modern Philology 62 (1964): 42-44. -------. A Note on alton customer service, Two Attributions to chicano history Johnson. Notes and Queries n.s.

11 (1964): 64. -------. The First Magazine: A History of the Gentleman's Magazine . Alton! By C. Job Order System! Lennart Carlson [review]. Towers Customer! Journal of security, English and Germanic Philology 38 (1939): 637-639. -------. Samuel Johnson, Journalist. Humanities Association Review 27 (1976): 441- 457.

-------. Alton Towers Customer Service! Portrait of a Grub: Samuel Boyse. Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900 7 (1967): 415-425. -------. Some Reprintings of the Gentleman's Magazine . Studies in Bibliography 17 (1964): 210-214.

-------. 'The Last of the Learned Printers': John Nichols and the Bowyer-Nichols Press. English Studies 65 (1984): 11-22. -------. Curve! Christopher Smart, Reader of Obituaries [in the Gentleman's Magazine ]. MLN [ Modern Language Notes ] 71 (1956): 177-182. -------. John Kynaston (1728-83), A Neglected Shakespearean.

Shakespeare Quarterly 48 (1997): 80-83. -------. John Nichols's Notes in the Scholarly Commentary of Others. Studies in Bibliography 44 (1991): 318-322. -------. Johnson's 'Falling Houses.' Essays in Criticism 26 (1976): 376-378. -------. Samuel Johnson and certain poems in the May 1747 Gentleman's Magazine . Review of customer service, English Studies n.s.

17 (1966): 382-390. -------. Samuel Johnson's Critical Opinions: A Reexamination . Newark: U of Delaware P, 1995. -------. Samuel Johnson's 'Essay' on Du Halde's Description of China . Papers on Language and Literature: A Journal for Scholars and Critics of Language and Literature 2 (1966): 372-380. -------. Samuel Pegge, Thomas Holt White, and Piers Plowman. The Yearbook of Langland Studies 1 (1987): 122-128. -------.

Studies in the Johnson Circle . Locust Hill Literary Studies Series 25. West Cornwall, CN: Locust Hill P, 1998. -------. Thomas Holt-White on Johnson's Lives of Prior and Milton. ANQ 13 (2000): 24-27. 3. GM 20 (1750): 208 and GM 22 (1752): 560-561, respectively.

10. GM 50 (1780): 266-268, 312-314, 367-369. 12. GM 63-i (1793): 85-86; 63-ii (1793): 963-964. 15. C. Lennart Carlson, The First Magazine: A History of the Gentleman's Magazine (Providence: Brown UP, 1938) 84, n. 3. 17. GM 1 (1731): 26; GM 2 (1732): 584 and 7 (1737): 250-251; and job order cost system, GM 2 (1732): 931-932, 981, respectively. 19. See Jeremy Black, The English Press in the Eighteenth Century (Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1987); Michael Harris, London Newspapers in the Age of Walpole: A Study of the Origins of the Modern English Press (Cranbury, NJ: Associated UP, 1987); and Robert Harris, A Patriot Press: National Politics and the London Press in the 1740s (Oxford: Clarendon P, 1993). 20.

The GM 's rival, John Wilford's London Magazine , printed its own version of the towers customer service parliamentary debates, commencing the same month. 21. Curve! See for example accounts of the GM 's re-creation of the parliamentary debates in Carlson, First Magazine 87-104; Edward A. Bloom, Samuel Johnson in Grub Street (Providence: Brown UP, 1957) 51-62; and Sir John Hawkins, The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL. D. , 2nd ed. (London, 1787) 95. 22. James Boswell, Life of Johnson , ed. Alton Service! R. W. Chapman (Oxford: Oxford UP, 1953) 1308. 23. The GM 's rival, the London Magazine , took the production possibilities similar precaution of renaming its feature Debates in the Political Club, a fictitious forensic society. 24. The same sentence was imposed upon Thomas Astley, conductor of the London Magazine . 25.

The union list, like my first GM electronic database, includes approximately 300 reviews bearing the signature X. which appeared from April 1767 through March 1773 and which have been proven the work of alton towers customer service, John Hawkesworth. The complete X. list had never appeared in print before its inclusion in my Attributions of ways did louis xiv support, Authorship . . Alton Towers! . Government Propaganda! , 1731-77 . . . , Studies in Bibliography 44 (1991): 271-302. Donald D. Eddy, following up on a claim in Charles Harold Gray's Theatrical Criticism in London to 1795 (New York: Columbia UP, 1931) 171- 172, was the first to publish convincing evidence that Hawkesworth wrote the X. reviews. (See Eddy's John Hawkesworth: Book Reviewer in the Gentleman's Magazine , Philological Quarterly 43 [1964]: 223-238.) G. J. Alton Towers Customer Service! Finch (John Hawkesworth, 'The Gentleman's Magazine', and 'The Annual Register,' Notes and Queries 22 [1975]: 17-18), James F. Tierney (Edmund Burke, John Hawkesworth, the Propaganda Essay Annual Register , and alton service, the Gentleman's Magazine , Huntington Library Quarterly 42 [1978]: 57-72), and security, John L. Towers! Abbott ( John Hawkesworth 213, n. 10) corroborate Gray's and Eddy's claim. I am grateful to Arthur Sherbo for chicano history, correcting two X. items ( GM 40 [1770]: 510-511 and 616-617) and one J.H. item ( GM 24 [1754]: 413-415) I had tentatively and erroneously attributed to John Hawkesworth in alton towers, Attributions of Authorship . . . , 1731-77 . . . , Studies in Bibliography 44 (1991): 271-302. Those three items have been excluded from the union list, as they were from my first GM electronic database. 26. See for example GM 26 (1756): 71-72 and 29 (1759): 154; 52 (1782): 520; 54-ii (1784): 711; and 69-ii (1799): 876, respectively. 27. GM 34 (1764): plate facing p. 632. 28. GM 43 (1773): 589-596, 547-652; 44 (1774): 17-22, 68-74, 111-115.

29. Government Essay! GM 57-ii (1787): 1009-1011, 1110-1112. 34. Such was John Walcot's characterization of Nichols. (Julian Pooley, review of Emily Lorraine de Montluzin's Daily Life in Georgian England as Reported in towers service, the Gentleman's Magazine [Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen P, 2002), in Government Propaganda Essay, Reviews in History , published online by the Institute of Historical Research, February 2002 http://ihr.sas.ac.uk/ihr/reviews/pooleyj.html, p. 6.) 35. The GM 's circulation, approximately 3,000 copies in 1746, rose to some 4,450 by 1800. Towers Customer Service! (Alvin Sullivan, ed., British Literary Magazines: The Augustan Age and Propaganda, the Age of Johnson, 1698-1788 [Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1983]: 137-138; Richard D. Altick, The English Common Reader: A Social History of the Mass Reading Public, 1800-1900 [Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1957] 392.) 46. Customer! James M. Kuist, The Nichols File of The Gentleman's Magazine: Attributions of Authorship and Other Documentation in Editorial Papers at the Folger Library (Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1982) 4. 52. Kuist, Nichols File 6, 13-20.

53. GM 56-ii (1786): 758-760, 840-842, 958-960, 1057. 54. Chicano History! GM 66-i (1796): 451-454; 66-ii (1796): 627-630, 803-807. 55. GM 66-ii (1796): 891-895, 979-982, 1081-1085. 56. John Nichols, Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth Century (9 vols.; London, 1812- 15) 6: 259. 57. Kuist, Nichols File 9-10, 11-12 (n.

42). 58. Certain exceptions are instructive. Kuist assigns to Gough the items in GM 72-ii (1802): 833-850 (the various works on these pages). However, the Gough contributions in fact end with a review that concludes on p. 850, the other items that follow on p. 850 having been written by alton towers service, John Nichols, to whom Kuist correctly attributes them. Conversely, in the case of the bloc-attribution of production possibilities curve, items in GM 59-i (1789): 141-144 to Gough, I made the alton service decision to include in Gough's list a plethora of very short reviews on p. In What Ways Xiv Support The Arts! 144, since they all concern the Regency Question, as do the reviews on p. 143. I have not, however, attributed to Gough the review of alton towers service, Gilbert White's Selborne , which spills over onto the next page. 59. GM 62-ii [Supplement to 1792]: 1195-1196.

60. I have compiled the Johnson entries in the union list from Government twentieth-century studies of the Johnson canon (beginning with Courtney and alton towers, Smith), as those twentieth-century studies have incorporated all previous attempts (by Boswell, Sir John Hawkins, and others) to construct a reasonably reliable Johnson canon. 61. Sir John Hawkins, The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D. (2d ed., rev.; London, 1787), p. Production Curve! 132. George Steevens's Account of the Writings of Dr. Samuel Johnson, including some Incidents of towers customer, his Life ( European Magazine 7 [1785]: 9) and John Gough Nichols's The Autobiography of Sylvanus Urban. Chapter VIII ( GM 202 [1857]: 285) disagree with Hawkins's claim. 63. The Craftsman, Prose Studies 16 [April 1993]: 74, n. 2. 64.

Common and production possibilities curve, Superior Sense: A New Attribution to Johnson, Notes and Queries n.s. 14 (May 1967): 176. 65. Alexander Chalmers, Historical and Biographical Preface to towers customer The Connoisseur , The British Essayists: with Prefaces, Historical and Biographical (38 vols.; Boston: Little, Brown, 1856-66) 25 (1864): 15-16, 34. 66.

Simon Varey, Lord Bolingbroke: Contributions to the Craftsman (Oxford: Clarendon UP, 1982) xxiv-xxv makes a strong case that the initials appended to the essays in the 1737 reprint edition of the Craftsman , when combined with corroborative evidence, point convincingly to Bolingbroke's authorship of the Craftsman papers signed O and strongly suggest William Pulteney's authorship of the C papers and what four, Nicholas Amhurst's authorship of the D papers. Varey also states that Nicholas Amhurst, editor from the start, appears after 1737 to have been the principal, perhaps the only author of the Craftsman until his death in April 1742 (Varey 82: xv). Alton Towers Service! However, Martin C. Battestin in his New Essays by chicano history, Henry Fielding: His Contributions to the Craftsman (1734-1739) and Other Early Journalism, With a Stylometric Analysis by Michael G. Farringdon (Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 1989) convincingly attributes a number of essays in towers service, the Craftsman , 1738-39, to Henry Fielding. Four Biomolecules! In light of customer service, Battestin's evidence, I believe that Varey's conjecture that Amhurst was the principal, perhaps the only author of the Craftsman from what four 1738 through early 1742 is not strong enough to justify making any attributions to alton service Amhurst during that period, for which there exists no collected edition to provide the corroborative evidence of initials. 67. Originally edited jointly by John Martyn and Richard Russel, the Grub-Street Journal became Russel's responsibility after Martyn retired from the enterprise to become professor of botany at Cambridge. (James T. Possibilities! Hillhouse, The Grub-Street Journal [Durham, NC: Duke UP, 1928] 40 [n.

50] believes that number 67 [15 April 1731] was the last issue to which Martyn contributed.) Russel remained sole editor of the Grub-Street Journal until he resigned his post in late 1735, whereupon his place apparently was taken by James Miller. (Hillhouse 30 [n. Alton Towers Customer! 38], 45-46) Nineteenth-century commentators, swayed by the letter designations included in Russel's preface to his collected edition of the periodical's first twenty months ( Memoirs of the in what xiv support the arts Society of Grub Street , 2 vols. [London, 1737]), tended to alton towers service attribute early contributions signed B[avius] to Martyn and chicano history, those signed M[aevius] to Russel. As Alexander Pettit notes, It is alton customer, now generally accepted (and is suggested by are the biomolecules, the 'Preface') that both Russel and John Martyn . Alton Towers Customer! . . used 'Bavius' [until Martyn's departure] and that Russel alone used 'Maevius.' (Alexander Pettit, The Grub-street Journal and the Politics of Anachronism, Philological Quarterly 69 (Fall 1990]: 448, n. 6) Russel and Martyn recruited the services of a number of other contributors, a few of whom have been identified, notably Rev. Joseph Trapp. Recent scholarship has vastly diminished the role in the Grub- Street Journal formerly ascribed to Pope, both in security, terms of influencing the alton service day-to-day conduct of the journal or contributing to its weekly numbers. (See Bertrand A. Goldgar, Pope and the Grub-street Journal , Modern Philology 74 (1976-77): 366-380.) 68.

Robert Harris, A Patriot Press: National Politics and the London Press in the 1740s (Oxford: Clarendon P, 1993) 50. 71. GM 16 [1746]: 540, quoting from cost Old England , no. 179 (4 October 1746). 72. Harris, Patriot Press 50, n. 5; Martin C. Battestin and Ruthe R. Battestin, Henry Fielding: A Life (London: Routledge, 1989) 429.

73. Alvin Sullivan, ed., British Literary Magazines: The Augustan Age and alton towers customer service, the Age of Johnson, 1698-1788 , Historical Guides to Government Essay the World's Periodicals and Newspapers (Westport, CN: Greenwood P, 1983) 346.